Sample preparation Definition and 4 Discussions

In analytical chemistry, sample preparation refers to the ways in which a sample is treated prior to its analyses. Preparation is a very important step in most analytical techniques, because the techniques are often not responsive to the analyte in its in-situ form, or the results are distorted by interfering species. Sample preparation may involve dissolution, extraction, reaction with some chemical species, pulverizing, treatment with a chelating agent (e.g. EDTA), masking, filtering, dilution, sub-sampling or many other techniques.
Treatment is done to prepare the sample into a form ready for analysis by specified analytical equipment.
Sample preparation could involve: crushing and dissolution, chemical digestion with acid or alkali, sample extraction, sample clean up and sample pre-concentration.

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    Van der Pauw sample preparation errors

    Hello, I'm carrying out electrical resistivity tests with the Van der Pauw method on a round sample (2 mm thick disk) of a doped ceramic but sometimes I have issues in the mounting of the sample. I'm using a 4-probe tube where each of the 4 wires contacts with the "corners" of the sample. To...
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    SEM sample preparation

    I have a crystal sample that I wish to analyze using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) but is not initially in powder form. What are the proper steps to be taken to prepare the samples for analysis? The substance, I believe, is mainly hydroxylapatite, Ca5(PO4)3OH. Thank you!
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    XRD sample preparation

    I have some precipitate samples that I wish to analyze for XRD. I collected them by filtration of a slurry. Through the filtration, the precipitates "cemented" on the surface of the filter pad so the samples I collected are not exactly in powdered form, which I believe is the ideal form to do...
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    Sample preparation of powders for trace metal analysis

    When preparing a fine powder for trace metal analysis, is ashing prior to digesting unnecessary? If not, or not necessarily, where could I learn more about important considerations to determine whether of not any preparation prior to digestion is required? The one instance I have come across...