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2 sound wave problems

  1. Dec 9, 2006 #1
    A flower pot is knocked off a balcony 21.6 m above the sidewalk and falls toward an unsuspecting 1.79 m-tall man who is standing below. How close to the sidewalk can the flower pot fall before it is too late for a shouted warning from the balcony to reach the man in time? Assume that the man below requires 0.300 s to respond to the warning.

    So i (21.6-1.79)m / 343m/s = .05776s + .3s = .35776s to yell and have the man react
    then, 21.6m= 1/2 * 9.8m/s2 *T^2 ... T= 2.0996 - .35776s = 1.74181s for latest time to wait before yelling,

    so i thought the answer should be: 1/2 * 9.8m/s2 * 1.7418^2 = 14.86m down, so 5.74m from the ground... but that is not correct :(

    any ideas where i went wrong???


    Also, A sound wave in air has a pressure amplitude equal to 3.94 X10^-3 Pa. Calculate the displacement amplitude of the wave at a frequency of 10.5 kHz.

    (Note: Use the following values, as needed. The equilibrium density of air is p= 1.20 kg/m3; the speed of sound in air is v = 343 m/s. Pressure variations P are measured relative to atmospheric pressure, 1.013 x10^5 Pa.)

    so, i thought i would use the equation deltaPmax= pwvsmax
    and then i plugged the numbers in (w=2pif=65973)... 1.013E5 = 1.2*65973*343*smax
    smax= .00373m .... but again, wrong... so i dont know where to go from here

    any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 9, 2006 #2

    Andrew Mason

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    In physics one has to do the analysis first using algebra. Once you have the physics down, plug in numbers but not before. It makes it easier to see and it usually saves alot of work.

    First of all, as you have correctly noted, the time required is the time it takes for the sound to travel from the balcony to the man + the response time of the man. What is the total time of fall before the pot reaches the position of the man's head? So what is the time that the pot can fall before the warning is given? Write out the algebraic expression for that time and plug in the numbers. [Hint: the total distance of fall is not 21.6 metres. I think this is where you went wrong]

    Second, relate the time it has been falling to the distance it has fallen. Write the algebraic expression for that distance. Plug in your numbers.

    Last edited: Dec 9, 2006
  4. Dec 9, 2006 #3
    thank you very much... i fixed both of my problems with your adivce... because for both of them i put in one wrong number for a coefficient... so again, thank you for you help ;0

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