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Here's a true scenario: A 50 year-old female of average height and weighing 160-lbs. steps off a curb and is hit square-on by a 20,000-lb. bus going a steady 10-mph. The bus impacts the woman at 10-mph, then stops. The woman is first knocked up into the windshield of the bus, then "bounces" off the windshield and lands in the street (an unknown distance from the front of the bus). She survives the accident, sustaining a fractured arm, rib and skull.

Here's my question: Can someone come up with a real-world, more human-sized physical analogy for this incident? In other words, in terms of impact force, can this pedestrian-vs-bus scenario be reasonably equated to, say, someone being hit by a football linebacker of X weight and running at X speed? If so, what would that linebacker's weight be, and what would that speed be? Or perhaps there's a better, more illuminating physical analogy that someone could come up with. I realize the variables at play in the bus-vs-pedestrian situation are myriad, but I am just seeking a reasonable analogy.

My powers of forensic force analysis pretty much end at KE = 1/2 m v^2, so I'm looking for some help here.

Thanks in advance for any and all input.

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# 20,000-lb. vs. Pedestrian - Analogy Sought

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