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3 wires

  1. Mar 22, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The figure is a cross section through three long wires with linear mass density 52.0g/m. They each carry equal currents in the directions shown. The lower two wires are 4.0 cm apart and are attached to a table. (please see attachment) Just in case attachment is not working (top wire is going out of page and above lower wires, which are going into the page.) What current will allow the upper wire to "float" so as to form an equilateral triangle with the lower wires?

    View attachment 3 wires.doc


    2. Relevant equations

    F=uLI^2/(2pid)

    F=mg

    (please see attached for better format for equations)

    ATTACH]13181[/ATTACH]

    3. The attempt at a solution

    since current in lower wires are in opposite direction from top wires, therefore they repel each other. The y-components from each lower two wires must equal force of gravity of top wire:

    mg = 2 x uLI^2/(2pid)sin30
    solve for I, assume L=1 m and where d=0.04m, mg=0.5096N
    I=319A.....but why is this not the right answer?
     

    Attached Files:

    • eqns.doc
      eqns.doc
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    Last edited: Mar 22, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 22, 2008 #2

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    Looks like you forgot to take the y-component of the magnetic forces.
     
  4. Mar 22, 2008 #3
    oh sorry.....I forgot to put sin 30 in the equation but i still got 319A

    I= sqrt [(0.5096*pi*0.04)/((4pi*10^-7)*sin 30)]=319A
     
  5. Mar 22, 2008 #4

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    I get the same answer. Who says it's wrong?
     
  6. Mar 22, 2008 #5
    i entered that answer in mastering physics and its incorrect
     
  7. Mar 22, 2008 #6
    can someone plz help...this is due tmr....thanks
     
  8. Mar 22, 2008 #7

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    The angle of each force with the horizontal is 60 degrees, not 30; so you should use sin(60). (D'oh! I made the same error.)
     
  9. Mar 22, 2008 #8
    k....i get it......thank you very much Doc Al!
     
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