# 4 vectors

1. May 9, 2007

### neelakash

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Let us define 4 vector by 4 co-ordinates:(x1,x2,x3,x4) where (x1,x2,x3) are space components (like x,y,z) and x4 is related to time as x4=ict.Express the following equations in tensor notation.

(i)The continuity equation: div J+(del*rho/del t)=0

(ii)The wave equation del2ψ-(1/c2) [del2 ψ/del t2]=0

(iii)What will be the value of j4 instead of above?

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

$\frac{\partial}{\partial x} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x_1}$ etc. For the time part, you will have a factor of ic appearing in the relation. Now, just replace all your partial derivatives in your equations.