A few electricity problems

  1. [SOLVED] A few electricity problems

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    1. Two 1.0 g spheres are charged equally and placed 2.0 cm apart. When released, they begin to accelerate at 225m/s^2.

    What is the magnitude on each sphere.

    2. You have a lightweight spring whose unstretched length is 4.0 cm. You're curious to see if you can use this spring to measure charge. First, you attach one end of the spring to the ceiling and hang a 1.0 g mass from it. This stretches the spring to a length of 5.0 cm. You then attach two small plastic beads to the opposite ends of the spring, lay the spring on a frictionless table, and give each plastic bead the same charge. This stretches the spring to a length of 4.5 cm.

    What is the magnitude of the charge (in nC) on each bead?

    2. Relevant equations

    1. F=ma => (K)(q^2)/(r^2)

    2. F = kx, (K)(q^2)/(r^2)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    1. q = [tex]\sqrt{(r^2)(m)(a)/(r^2)}[/tex]

    q = [tex]\sqrt{(0.0001)(225)(0.002^2)/(9x10^9)}[/tex] = 3 x 10 ^-9 C

    but it says this is incorrect

    2.
    First: I calculated the spring constant using the information from the hanging mass part of the question.

    F = kx
    (0.001 kg)(9.81 m/s^2)= k (0.01 m)
    0.981 kg/s^2 = k

    Second: Using the spring constant from the previous part I calculated the force needed to push the spring apart when the beads are on either end.

    F = kx
    F = (0.981 kg/s^2)(0.005 m)
    F = 0.004905 kgm/s^2

    Third: Using the force from above, and using coulombs law calculate the charges. I know that q1 and q2 are equal, q1 =q2 = q

    F = K((q1)(q2))/r^2
    0.004905 kgm/s^2 = ((9×10^9 Nm^2/C^2)(q^2)/(0.045 m)^2

    q = 3.3 x 10 ^ -8 and now I need to convert it to nC so (3.3 x 10 ^ -8) x (10x9) = 33 nC

    Is this correct?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. berkeman

    Staff: Mentor

    Your equation for #1 looks wrong. Try working it out using more intermediate steps. Your starting equation is correct:

    [tex]ma = K \frac{Q^2}{R^2} = \frac{Q^2}{4{\pi}{\epsilon}R^2}[/tex]
     
  4. Shooting Star

    Shooting Star 1,979
    Homework Helper

    Should be 0.02

    Your methods look correct. Perhaps redo the arithmetic? Since they are mostlly using CGS, why don't you use that to make the numbers easier to handle, and convert afterward?
     
  5. how do I obtain the value to {\epsilon}?

    I also made a mistake on converting from g to kg, so 1g should be 0.001kg

    so it should be:

    q = [tex]\sqrt{(0.001)(225)(0.02^2)/(9x10^9)}[/tex] = 1 x 10 ^-7 C
     
  6. Shooting Star

    Shooting Star 1,979
    Homework Helper

    Correct. But I still recommend that if the values are given mostly in CGS, do the calculation in CGS and convert. Avoid so many decimals, whenever possible. You'll make mistakes in the exam.
     
  7. It seems easier to me this way.
     
  8. berkeman

    Staff: Mentor

    You look it up. It's a physical constant.
     
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