# A problem in titration

Gold Member

## Homework Statement

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The percentage of copper in a Copper (II) salt can be determined by using a thiosulphate titration. 0.305g of a copper (II) salt was dissolved in water and added to an excess of KI solution liberating Iodine. The liberated Iodine required 24.5 ##dm^3## of a 0.1 mole ##dm^{-3}## solution of sodium this sulphate. The percentage of copper, by mass, in the copper (II) salt is:

1. 64.2
2. 51.0
3. 48.4
4. 25.5

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## The Attempt at a Solution

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0.1 mole per ##dm^3## means 0.1 mole per litre.

Valence factor for sodium thiosulphate is 2.

So, there are 0.1×2=0.2 eqs of thiosulphate in 1 litre, which basically means the normality is 0.2.

No. of eqs of ##Cu^{2+}## = No. of eqs of Iodine liberated = No. of eqs of thiosulphate used = ##\frac {24.5}{1000} ×0.2 = 4.9 ×10^{-3}##.

So, weight of ##Cu^{2+}## ions = ##4.9 ×10^{-3} ×63.5=0.31115g##, which is greater than the weight of the sample.

Where am I going wrong?

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Borek
Mentor
Start by finding the equation of the reaction between iodine and thiosulfate.

Gold Member
Start by finding the equation of the reaction between iodine and thiosulfate.
The balanced equations are:
$$2Cu^{2+}+4I^{-} \rightarrow 2CuI+I_2$$
$$2S_2 O_3 ^{2-} +I_2 \rightarrow 2I^{-} +S_2 O_6^{2-}$$

Borek
Mentor

Gold Member
Can't I do it by equivalents? Or does that concept fail here?

Borek
Mentor
It doesn't fail when applied correctly.

Gold Member
It doesn't fail when applied correctly.
Where am I going wrong?

Borek
Mentor
Follow the stoichiometry and you will find out.

Gold Member
Follow the stoichiometry and you will find out.
By stoichiometry I get answer 25.5.

But if I follow equivalents and do ##4.9×10^{-3}×\dfrac {63.5}{2}## (without reason why I divided by 2), I get 51.0, which is double the first answer.

Which is correct?

Borek
Mentor
I told you - stoichiometry is right. Equivalents are a proxy for stoichiometry, and they can be quite convenient, but not when applied blindly. Your calculation of what the equivalent is was wrong (you calculated an equivalent for the reaction with H+, which is not what is happening here) so you got the wrong answer.

• Wrichik Basu