# About the least action principle

• A
hello, everyone. When a vector field ##A_{\mu}## has the Lagrangian of the form as
##L=Const.{\times}F^{\mu\nu}F_{\mu\nu}##, where
$F_{\mu\nu}=({\partial}_{\mu}-{\alpha}{\partial}^{\rho}{\partial}_{\rho}{\partial}_{\mu})A_{\nu}-({\partial}_{\nu}-{\alpha}{\partial}^{\rho}{\partial}_{\rho}{\partial}_{\nu})A_{\mu}$. Now I will apply the least action principle to it. Which one of the following two choices is the right one?
${\delta}S=\frac{{\partial}S}{{\partial}A_{\mu}}{\delta}A_{\mu}+\frac{{\partial}S}{{\partial}({\partial}_{\mu}A_{\nu})}{\delta}({\partial}_{\mu}A_{\nu})=0,$
or
${\delta}S=\frac{{\partial}S}{{\partial}A_{\mu}}{\delta}A_{\mu}+\frac{{\partial}S}{{\partial}({\partial}_{\mu}A_{\nu})}{\delta}({\partial}_{\mu}A_{\nu})+\frac{{\partial}S}{{\partial}({\partial}_{\mu}{\partial}_{\nu}{\partial}_{\rho}A_{\lambda})}{\delta}({\partial}_{\mu}{\partial}_{\nu}{\partial}_{\rho}A_{\lambda})=0.$

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Orodruin
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Which do you think and why?

haushofer