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Absolute Value Problem

  1. Oct 21, 2011 #1
    I need to find the absolute value of b(t):

    [tex]b(t)=a(t)[1+e^{-j2\pi tT}][/tex]

    Here is the answer in the textbook:
    [tex]\therefore \left | b(t) \right |=\left | a(t) \right |\sqrt{2(1+cos(2\pi tT)}2|cos(\pi tT)|[/tex]

    However I got a different answer when working it out, and can't understand how they got to that result from the textbook.
    Here is my working out:

    b(t)=a(t) + a(t)e^{-j2\pi tT}=a(t)+a(t)[cos(2\pi tT) - jsin(2\pi tT)]=a(t)+a(t)cos(2\pi tT)-a(t)jsin(2\pi tT)
    \therefore |b(t)|=|a(t)|+|a(t)cos(2\pi tT)|+|a(t)sin(2\pi tT)|

    Please let me know where I'm going wrong.
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 21, 2011 #2
    You can't do that. It's not true that |a|=|b|+|c|... It's not true at all. You need to use the very definition of modulus:

  4. Oct 22, 2011 #3
    Thanks for the reply, I tried it with that formula, however I still don't get the same answer as the textbook. Here's my working out:

    [tex]b(t)=a(t)+a(t)cos(2\pi tT)-a(t)jsin(2\pi tT)[/tex]

    [tex]\therefore |b(t)|=\sqrt{[a(t)+a(t)cos(2\pi tT)]^{2}+[a(t)sin(2\pi tT)]^{2}}[/tex]

    [tex]=\sqrt{a^{2}(t)+2a(t)cos(2\pi tT)+a^{2}(t)cos^{2}(2\pi tT)+a^{2}(t)sin^{2}(2\pi tT)}[/tex]

    [tex]=\sqrt{a^{2}(t)[1+2\sqrt{a(t)}cos(2\pi tT) + cos^{2}(2\pi tT)+sin^{2}(2\pi tT)]}[/tex]

    [tex]=|a(t)|\sqrt{2+2\sqrt{a(t)}cos(2\pi tT)}[/tex]

    [tex]=|a(t)|\sqrt{2[1+\sqrt{a(t)}cos(2\pi tT)]}[/tex]
  5. Oct 22, 2011 #4
    That second term should have an [itex]a(t)^2[/itex].
  6. Oct 22, 2011 #5


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    Also [itex]cos^2(2\pi tT)+ sin^2(2\pi tT)= 1[/itex] so what you have reduces to
    [tex]a(T)\sqrt{2(1+ cos(2\pi tT))}[/tex]

    By the way, this has nothing to do with your question but that "tT" looks very strange to me. If it were t/T, then your sin and cosine functions would have a period of T, which I would interpret as a period of time. The way you have it their period is 1/T. It strikes me as strange to all something with units of "1/time", T.
  7. Oct 24, 2011 #6
    You're completely right, the T there is actually frequency which is 1/T, I should have used a different letter other than T (which ofcourse usually means period).
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