# Absorption of X-rays

## Homework Statement

If the ratio $$I(K\alpha)/I(K\beta)$$ before filtering is 7.5:1 for a copper target, then compute the thickness of a nickel filter, that would increase this ratio of 500:1.

Mass Absorption Coefficients (cm$$^{2}$$/g)

Cu: $$\rho$$ = 8.93 $$g/cm^{3}$$

$$K\alpha$$ (0.1542nm)
$$\mu/\rho$$ = 51.54

$$K\beta$$ (0.1392nm)
$$\mu/\rho$$ = 38.74

Ni: $$\rho$$ = 8.91 $$g/cm^{3}$$

$$K\alpha$$ (0.1542nm)
tex]\mu/\rho[/tex] = 48.83

$$K\beta$$ (0.1392nm)
$$\mu / \rho$$ = 282.8

## Homework Equations

$$I_{x} = I_{0} e^{-\mu x}$$

## The Attempt at a Solution

Trying to align these equations up and solve has not yielded the correct answer. Also, the effect of filter on the mass absorption coeffient can be modified by weight fractions $$(\mu / \rho ) = x(\mu / \rho)_{1} + (1-x)(\mu / \rho)_{2}$$where x is the weight fraction of one element.

But I am not sure how to incorporate this into my calculations.

Also, unfortunately, my book Structure of Materials (Graff) does not provide any worked out problems.

Any help would be much appreciated.