Absorption Spectra

  • #1
If you're reading a graph of absorption coefficient(cm^-1) versus wavelength(nm), how can you dtermine if the solution is optically dilute? What about optically thick? Thanks
Ben
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
30
0
Well as the absorbtion coefficient is per cm, i am guessing the higher it is the more light is being absorbed when travelling through a cm of the substance. So the optically diluter substance is probably the one with the lower coefficient.
 
  • #3
I agree, unfortunately I'm not comparing two spectra, but rather just answering for a variety of spectra is the solution optically dilute? Is it Optically thick? And not sure where the cut off is, can't find a value anywhere
 
  • #4
30
0
K i looked on wikipedia and the equation for absorbtion coefficient is:

I = Io e^-ax

Where I is transmitted intensity, Io is incident intensity, a is the attenuation coefficient and x is the thickness of the substance. Rearranging for a:

a = ln(Io/I)

If we try some values:

When 75% of light is transmitted a = 0.28

When 50% of light is transmitted a = 0.69

When 25% of light is transmitted a = 1.39

Maybe that will help you
 

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