Acceleration and Force

  • Thread starter halo9909
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  • #1
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Homework Statement



A 50-kg crate is pulled across the ice with a rope. A force of 80 N is applied at an angle of 36° with the horizontal. Neglecting friction, calculate

(a) the acceleration of the crate.
m/s2
(b) the upward force the ice exerts on the crate as it is pulled.


Homework Equations



F=Ma
law of Cosines
law of sines

The Attempt at a Solution



I have the upward force "Fay" which is 443N
using the law of sines 80sin36 = 443N which is the vertical force and usig the law of cosines the horizontal is 64.72N

I am not sure how to calculate the acceleration
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
hage567
Homework Helper
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Use F=ma. What is the force acting on the crate in the horizontal direction? That is the force that is causing the crate to accelerate.
 
  • #3
37
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oh wow thanks
so you use the "horizontal" force and with F=ma
the horizontal force of 64.72=50kg *a
it becomes 1.2944m/s

So you would always use the horizontal force to the ground for accleration or only in this case?
 
  • #4
hage567
Homework Helper
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Since the crate is only moving in the horizontal direction (so it isn't rising falling - it stays in constant contact with the ice) the acceleration is only in the horizontal direction. I wouldn't say you always use the horizontal force, it depends on the situation.
 

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