Many of the threads here boil down to an argument over what constitutes an acceptable civilian casualty rather than discuss the issue from which the thread arose, so I thought it might be worthwhile to start a thread on the topic that people are really discussing. :tongue: The question for each of the following scenarios, of course, is if civilian casualties are acceptable. Some will be realistic, some not. Some of these will lead into additional scenarios (such as 5 and 6). Let's start with the most unrealistic: (1) Each enemy combatant is surrounded with three enemy civilians who have willingly decided to serve as a shield. (2) Each enemy combatant is surrounded with three enemy civilians who have been forced to act as a shield. (3-4) Same as above, but with friendly civilians. (5) Civilians who wear the enemy's military uniform in a battle zone. (6) Civilians who wear the enemy's military uniform and marcn en masse on a military stronghold. (7) Civilians resupplying the enemy combatants with ammunition during a firefight. (8) Civilians transporting military equipment to a battle zone. (9) Civilians in a military installation. (10) Civilians willingly shielding a military installation. (11) Civilians unwillingly (or unknowingly) shielding a military installation.