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Accerlation Question

  1. Sep 16, 2013 #1
    An automobile moves forward and backward on a straight highway.The graph shows the velocity of this automobile as a function of time.

    BIOZAcE.gif

    What is the acceleration of the automobile at t = 4 s? (Round to two significant digits.)




    a = change in velocity / time



    I said the acceleration was zero, because the automobile would be stopped at t = 4 s. This is wrong, however.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 17, 2013 #2

    Dick

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    Of course it is wrong. The automobile may be stopped, but acceleration is the rate of change of velocity. It's just in between moving forwards and moving backwards. Try that again.
     
  4. Sep 17, 2013 #3
    The question is asking for the acceleration at exactly 4 s, so if I used the formula a = v/t I would get a = 0/4, which is 0.

    The answer is -10, but I don't understand why when that acceleration is reached a second later.
     
  5. Sep 17, 2013 #4

    Dick

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    It's because acceleration is the slope of your velocity curve. It's not v/t. It's dv/dt, the derivative or approximately Δv/Δt if you pick two points around your point. It's the rate of change of velocity, not v/t. As you almost said to begin with it's (change of velocity)/(change of time).
     
    Last edited: Sep 17, 2013
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