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Acid and Base Quesions

  1. Sep 26, 2006 #1
    1)Which of the following is not both a Bronsted-Lowry acid and a Bronsted-Lowry base?

    a. OH-

    b. HSO4-

    c. SH-

    d. HCO3-

    e. H2PO4-

    I knwo its not HCO3, H2PO4- AND HSO4-, but i cannot figure out whether OH can act as an acid and base or not, i know its produced when a base react with water, but not sure if itself can be reacted as a acid and base since if it does, OH would become O2 or H2O, not sure if thats possible.

    Which reaction of these potential acids and bases does not occur to any appreciable degree due to an unfavorable equilibrium?

    a. NaC2H3O2 (aq) + HI

    b. NaNH2 in liq. NH3 + ethanol

    c. CH3Li in hexane + ethyne

    d. NaOH (aq) + CH3CH2CH2CO2H

    e. CH3CH2ONa in ethanol + ethene

    For it to have an unfavorable equilibrium, one of the reactant would have to be a strong acid or base, since HI, NH3, NaOH are strong acid or base, they would form unfavorable equiibrium as the reaction would only go one way, i am unsure whether whether the chemicals in C and E are strong acid or bases.

    3) Comparison of the acidity of strong acids in solution requires the use of a solvent less basic than water

    this would be false because something that is less basic than water would make it an acid, and you cant compare strong acid with weak acid in the same solution, which mean that statement is false. Am i right?

    Please help, thank you
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 28, 2006 #2


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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    1) OH- is a strong base e.g. NaOH

    2)CH3Li is a strong base

    3)Have you heard of the "leveling effect of a solvent?" You want to pertain to the competitiveness of the strong acids. Would a more basic solvent address this issue by reacting more violently with both of the acids? The direction you go should pertain to a setting where one of the strong acids now has an significant equilibrium constant in that solvent, which is more or less higher then the other, previously strong, acid.
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