# Acoustic Problem

1. ### SEEDS

12
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
One organ pipe open on both ends and one organ pipe open at one end and closed
at the other are tuned on the same fundamental tone with frequency f = 264 Hz.

a)How long is each pipe?
b) Determine the first three harmonics of each pipe.
c) There is an organ pipe open at both ends, where the frequencies of three neighbo-
ring harmonics are 466:2 Hz, 582:7 Hz and 699:2 Hz. To which harmonics do this
frequencies belong?
d) How long is this pipe?
Velocity c = 343 m/s.

whats is the basic difference if an organ pipe in open on both ends or one end closed ?
To find the length in part d) should i apply the same relationship ?

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

I tried like ,

A)
Since Wavelength * Freq = Speed
Therefore Wavelength = Speed / Freq
Wavelength = 343 m.s / 264 Hz
Wavelength =1.299m

For Open Pipe:
L = 1/2 (wavelength)
L = 0.649 meter

For Closed Pipe:
L= 1/4 Wavelength
L = 0.3247 meter

B) Open Pipe Closed Pipe
L = 1/2 Wavelength L = 1/4 Wavelength
L= 2/2 Wavelength L = 3/4 Wavelength
L= 3/2 Wavelength L = 5/4 Wavelength

C) Should I apply fn = n f1 if yes so is the f1 = 264 Hz ???

Last edited: Nov 9, 2008
2. ### Hootenanny

9,677
Staff Emeritus
Closed and open pipes have different fundamental frequencies. The equation that you used are for open pipes only (L=λ/2), since a closed pipe has a different fundamental frequency you are required to use a different equation to determine the length of the pipes.

3. ### Hootenanny

9,677
Staff Emeritus
Please don't edit your post once someone has replied. Doing so can make their reply seem wrong or confusing, as in this case.

Which equations are you using for (c)?

4. ### SEEDS

12
Ohh Sorry !!

For C Please take a look at my first post.

5. ### Hootenanny

9,677
Staff Emeritus
Yet you've done it again :grumpy:

f = n*f1 looks like the right equation to apply.

6. ### SEEDS

12
could you confirm me about the fundamental fr in (C)

7. ### Hootenanny

9,677
Staff Emeritus
f1 is given to you in the question:

8. ### SEEDS

12
If I am using
fn = n f1 so i am getting fractional figures

466.2 / 264 = n and i guess n should'nt be fractional .
582.7 / 264 = n
699.2 / 264 = n

9. ### Hootenanny

9,677
Staff Emeritus
Hmm, indeed you are correct. Therefore, we must conclude that we are dealing with a different pipe to the one in the previous question. So, let us start again.

What is the general equation for the fundamental frequency of an open pipe?

10. ### SEEDS

12

The fundamental frequ. of an open pipe is

f0 = v/(2*L1)

11. ### Hootenanny

9,677
Staff Emeritus
Correct, so using this equation and your previous one we can write

$$f_n = n\frac{v}{2L}$$

Can you go from here?

HINT: You know that the harmonics are consecutive.

12. ### SEEDS

12
$$f_n = n\frac{v}{2L}$$

I am applying it like

n = (fn * 2 L) / v but
n1=2.718 L
n2=3.397 L
n3=4.076 L

still confusion how to find L to proceed finally for the harmonics ?

Last edited: Nov 9, 2008
13. ### Hootenanny

9,677
Staff Emeritus
Try writing them in the form

$$f_n = n\frac{v}{2L}$$

$$f_{n+1} = \left(n+1\right)\frac{v}{2L}$$

$$f_{n+2} = \left(n+2\right)\frac{v}{2L}$$

14. ### SEEDS

12
ok lets check it

fn = n v/2L ---A

fn+1 = (n+1) v/2L ----B

fn = 466.2 Hz , fn+1 = 582.7 Hz

Therefore A becomes

466.2 = n (343 / 2L )
2.718L = n ------(i)

and B becomes by fn+1
582.7L = 171.5 n + 171.5 ---(ii)
putting n from i

L = 1.471 meter
and n is approx = 4
So the harmonics are 4th , 5th , 6th

Is this correct ?