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Airplane/Jet stream Problem

  1. Jan 21, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A jetliner can fly 7.35 hours on a full load of fuel. Without any wind it flies at a speed of 3.42 x 10^2 m/s. The plane is to make a round-trip by heading due west for a certain distance, turning around, and then heading due east for the return trip. During the entire flight, however, the plane encounters a 43.3-m/s wind from the jet stream, which blows from west to east. What is the maximum distance (in kilometers) that the plane can travel due west and just be able to return home?

    2. Relevant equations

    I'm not sure, but I'm guessing this: d/s + d/s = overall time and... probably something else?

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Well, I assumed because the jet stream is traveling in the same direction as the plane in both directions (west and east) that 43.3 m/s would be added to 3.42 x 10^2 m/s for the speed of the plane going to and coming back. I also converted 7.35 hours to seconds. So I ended up with distance traveled west/385.3 + distance traveled east/385.3= 26,460 s. Afterward, I ended up with distance traveled west=10,195,038m-distance traveled east. Now I'm just completely lost/confused. I just started taking physics last week, so I'm pretty new at this and I probably did everything wrong. Please help! :frown:

    (P.S. Should I make the distance traveled east negative, since it's going in the opposite direction?)
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 21, 2008 #2


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    Where did you get the idea that "the jet stream is traveling in the same direction as the plane in both directions"? The problem itself tells you that the jet stream "blows from west to east, while the airplane is flying, first, from east to west and then from west to east.

    You are wrong to assume you should always add the speed of the jet stream. Going West the jet stream is opposing flight and must be subtracted.
    Last edited: Jan 21, 2008
  4. Jan 21, 2008 #3
  5. Jan 21, 2008 #4


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    Yes, and since you know "distance traveled west"= "distance traveled east" that should be easy.

    (Unfortunately, the jet stream isn't accomodating enough to change directions with the airplane!)
  6. Jan 29, 2008 #5
    Okay, thank you so much!
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