1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data I have this function [tex]F(r)=\frac{(r-r_+)(r-r_-)}{r^2}[/tex] and I want to make the subsitution [itex]r=r_+(1+\rho^2)[/itex]. 2. Relevant equations None. 3. The attempt at a solution So, I sub in, to obtain [tex]F=\frac{[r_+(1+\rho^2)-r_-][r_+(1+\rho^2)-r_-]}{r_+^2(1+\rho^2)^2}=\frac{\rho^2[r_+(1+\rho^2)-r_-]}{r_+^2(1+\rho^2)^2}[/tex]. Now, the solutions say that this is equal to [tex]\frac{r_+\rho^2(r_+-r_-)}{r_+^2}\cdot [1+O(\rho^2)] [/tex], however I cannot, for the life of me, see how to get this from my line above! Can anyone help?