# An algebaic mistake?

1. May 23, 2007

### prasannapakkiam

take the function: y = x^x
if x<0; it is not defined. However:
take this example:
x=-3
therefore: y=(-3)^(-3)
=1 / ( (-3)^3 )
=-27

HOWEVER: y == e^(xln(x))
ln(x) has a domain: {x>0, x e R}
Thus in that respect when x=-3, it is undefined.

WHY???

2. May 23, 2007

### trajan22

I believe the identities for natural log are only valid for x>0.

3. May 24, 2007

### prasannapakkiam

But then does taking logs on both sides technically invalid?

4. May 24, 2007

### Useful nucleus

taking the logarithms will immediately change the domain of the function . I can give a similar example:
the domain of f(x)= sqrt[(x+1)/(x-1)] is different than the domain of g(x)=sqrt(x+1)/sqrt(x-1) . While the domain of f(x) is (1,infinty)union(-inf,-1)
, the domain of g(x) is (1,inf) .
This means certain mathematical operations may change the domain of the function like distributing the square root and taking the logarithms of both sides and it should be declared clearly the range of validity of this operation.
Unfortunately this approach is not found in any engineering Mathematics book , since these books concentrate on the applications of a theory not the theory and the accompanying definitions.