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An Easy question about waves

  1. Apr 12, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Hello there,

    There is a question that says :

    ....etc....the metal is then moved towards the hardboard. In moving 6.4cm, four further maxima are observed. Calculate the wavelength of the ........etc........

    Now I know how to solve it, and got the answer.
    (sine curve)
    But why do we count the amplitudes both below in the and above the axis as maxima ?
    I thought the maximum points are all the points above the x axis, and the minimum points are the minimum points ??!


    3. The attempt at a solution

    All I did was : 4 max = 2[tex]\lambda[/tex] .. But these 4 maximum points are both ABOVE and BELOW the x axis for a sine curve.

    Then 2[tex]\lambda[/tex]=6.4cm
    [tex]\lambda[/tex]=3.2cm


    If you need me to explain my question exactly, please ask me to clarify.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 12, 2009 #2
    Hi ZaZu,

    I'm not 100% of what you're asking so if i'm telling you something you already know - forgive me.

    I presume the experiment involves counting how many maxima OR minima of a standing wave propagating between two fixed points, the distance between which you know already.

    In this case you're really only after counting either the number of consecutive maxima or minima, not both, for this is the definition of wavelength.
     
  4. Apr 12, 2009 #3


    Yes thats exactly what I mean, but in our class we did the following :

    http://img404.imageshack.us/img404/2170/image352.th.jpg [Broken]


    Is this correct ?
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  5. Apr 12, 2009 #4

    Hootenanny

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    The amplitude is the magnitude of the displacement from the equilibrium position of the oscillating variable. It doesn't matter whether this displacement is positive or negative since the amplitude is the magnitude of the displacement.

    For example, consider the function y = sin(x). A maximum value of y occurs as sin(pi/2) = 1 and a minimum value of y occurs at sin(-pi/2) = -1. However, in both cases the amplitude is 1, since A = |y|. Since the amplitude, by definition is non-negative, it's minimum value is clearly the minimum of y > 0.

    Do you follow?
     
  6. Apr 12, 2009 #5
    Yes it is.

    Note the 2 on the RHS corresponding to 2 consecutive peaks/troughs of maxima OR minima.
     
  7. Apr 12, 2009 #6
    So in my question, I can say that both the minimum AND maximum points are the MAXIMA ??
     
  8. Apr 12, 2009 #7
    Oh alright, so its concluded that both the crests and troughs can be considered the maximum points ?
     
  9. Apr 12, 2009 #8
    Careful here. They correspond to points of maximum amplitude but in regards to their physical positions, they must be differentiated (i.e. by the use of maxima/minima).
     
  10. Apr 12, 2009 #9
    Oh I see, great !

    Its clearer now :)

    Thanks alot astrorob and Hootenanny :D :D :D
     
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