1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Consider 10 He atoms as a system Thermodynamically, the state of maximum entropy hence the most likely macrostate for the system is 5 He to be excited and 5 in the ground state. But lower energies are more favourable so there should be more probability for the He to be in the ground state? Or more than 5 in the ground state. However, I don't know the physics behind this last claim. Can someone help out here?