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Another force question?

  1. Mar 24, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A person has a choice while trying to move a crate across a horizontal pad of concrete: push it at a downward angle of 30 degrees, or pull it at an upward angle of 30 degrees.

    If the crate has a mass of 50.0 kg and the coefficient of friction between it and the concrete is 0.750, calculate the force required to move it across the concrete at a constant speed in both situations.

    2. The attempt at a solution
    I don't know how to start calculating it by I do have an idea of what the answer will be. In the end, pulling at an upward angle will have a lower force because pulling upward will decrease friction resulting in decrease of normal force.

    As for the calculation part, I was thinking of using Fpcos(30°)p = [itex]\mu[/itex]N with N being (mg + Fpsin(30°)) for pushing and then Fpcos(30°) = [itex]\mu[/itex]N with N being (mg - Fpsin(30°)) for pulling but I feel like it's a bit disorganized since it doesn't follow what we usually have in class like a parent formula on top and you can manipulate it to get this and that, etc.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 25, 2014 #2

    Andrew Mason

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Start by doing a free body diagram for each of the two scenarios, drawing vectors for all forces acting on the body in each scenario. What is the condition for motion at constant velocity (hint: what must the vectors in each diagram sum to?)?

    AM
     
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