Another Fundamental Force?

  • Thread starter Avron
  • Start date
  • #51
14
0
This would also suggest that everything from the first string broke off into separate ones, sort of a "Force tree". This would suggest that there might be separate sets of dimensions and forces, which might mean that it is possible for there to be multiple multi verses for each "Higher" force. So then, all we really have to try to figure out would be the mechanics involved and why four forces were chosen for our universe. Could other branches of the tree have more forces?

That might mean that our "Grand unification" would only solve a few things about our universe and lead us to keep backtracking. It would basically end up as the same, in a round about way, so all we really have to figure out is if time is infinite or if it has a beginning. Simply by there being time, there is space with these fluxuations, so it would make sense that time could be the highest force. Perhaps, one might say that time plays the strings to make the music of our reality.
 
  • #52
162
0
Consider the following concept:

There are five 5-d manifolds, five 4-d manifolds, five 3-d manifolds, five 2-d manifolds, five 1-d manifolds, and 5 singular points. The five singularities, are embedded in the five basis 1-d manifolds. The five 1-d manifolds, are sub-manifolds embedded in the five 2-d manifolds. The five 2-d manifolds, are sub-manifolds embedded in the five 3-d manifolds. The five 3-d manifolds, are sub-manifolds embedded in the five 4-d manifolds, The five 4-d manifolds, are sub-manifolds embedded in the five 5-d manifolds. Now, the correspondence between all five 3-manifolds is one-to-one, and onto. All the manifolds 1-d through 5-d are smooth, and therefore differentiable. The correspondence between all the-manifolds is one-to-one, and onto. All n-manifolds are ordered in a series with the other n-manifolds, and there is a one-to-one relation and onto between each of the five singularities. More specifically, the singularities and manifolds' relationships are as follows:

The first of the five singularities, corresponds to one, and only one, singularity to it's right. The second singularity corresponds to both the first singularity to it's left, and the third singularity to it's right....the fifth singularity corresponds to one, and only one, singularity to it's left. The same goes for all the other higher n-spheres. Now, the quantifiable relationship between the first n-manifold, and the manifold to it's right, is such that it is entirely additively displaced into the content of the second n-manifold so that the content of the second n-manifold increases to (1st n-manifold+2nd n-manifold), while the first n-manifold goes to zero, such that, after the displacement, there are only four n-dimensional manifolds remaining. The second relation, is that when an n-manifold is displaced into the n-manifold to it's right or left, all other higher dimensional, and lower dimensional manifolds are displaced, correspondingly, to the next manifold over as well. Thus the singularities and manifolds can be represented by a 6X5 matrix, where the columns represent the dimensions 0,1,2,3, etc, and the rows represent the series relationship between the singularities and n-dimensional manifolds.



| 1st 0-d 2nd 0-d 3rd 0-d 4rth 0-d 5th 0-d |
| 1st 1-d 2nd 1-d 3rd 1-d 4rth 1-d 5th 1-d |
| 1st 2-d 2nd 2-d 3rd 2-d 4rth 2-d 5th 2-d | =D
| 1st 3-d 2nd 3-d 3rd 3-d 4rth 3-d 5th 3-d |
| 1st 4-d 2nd 4-d 3rd 4-d 4rth 4-d 5th 4-d |
| 1st 5-d 2nd 5-d 3rd 5-d 4rth 5-d 5th 5-d |


All columns can be added linearly left to right to make a single row. However, none of the rows can be simply added together, because all manifolds in a given column do not have the same dimensionality. All rows can be put together, but under a special operation that lifts the higher dimensional manifolds into the lower dimensional manifolds. In fact, as we shall see later in this paper, such a lift may veritably describe gravity in four space.

Here is an example of such a lift:

Consider a solid 3 centimeters x 3 centimeters two-dimensional square embedded into a 2-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system [x, y]. The perimeter of the 2-dimensional square is 9 centimeters.

Now suppose you subdivide the square into 9 smaller 1 centimeter squares, and label them as follows:

1cm square 1 1cm square 2 1cm square 3



1cm square 4 1cm square 5 1cm square 6



1cm square 7 1cm square 8 1cm square 9





This square is an example of a 1-dimensional sub-manifold embedded into a 2-dimensional manifold, where the square is the 2-dimensional manifold, and the perimeter of the square is the 1-dimensional manifold that is embedded in the 2-dimensional manifold (square).

The surface area of the 2-dimensional manifold is 9 centimeters squared 9cm^2. The surface area of the embedded 1-dimensional sub-manifold is 9 centimeters 9cm^1=9cm.

Now suppose you cut out square 2, square 4, square 6, and square 8...


1cm square 1 1cm square 3



1cm square 5



1cm square 7 1cm square 9

...like this.




The surface area of the 2-dimensional manifold is decreased by 4 centimeters squared. However, the surface area of the embedded 1-dimensional manifold has increased by 8 centimeters so that the surface area of the 1-dimensional sub-manifold is now 20 centimeters around instead of 9 centimeters around. In addition, the sub-manifold is less smooth. What we have done by cutting out the four 2-dimensional one centimeter squares is lift those 2-dimensional squares into the 1-dimensional sub-manifold resulting in a conversion of the four 2-dimensional squares into the 1-dimensional sub-manifold. By collapsing one of the diagonals of each of the four 1cm^2 squares, that we cut out, we get four 2 centimeter long line segments whose total lengths add up to 8 centimeters, which is exactly the amount of length we had added to the 1-dimensional distance around the 2-dimensional square by cutting out those square segments in the first place. Notice that, although, we cut the square itself, we have not done anything to the Cartesian coordinate system, into which, the solid 2-dimensional square was originally embedded. Now we can continue cutting out 2-dimensional sections of the remaining 5 squares up to infinity, which translates into lifting the entire 2-dimensional surface of the solid square into the 1-dimensional sub-manifold embedded into that square. At this point, the area of the solid square goes to zero, and the distance around the 1-dimensional sub-manifold goes to infinity. In addition, the 1-dimensional sub-manifold is not smooth, but rather, infinitely jagged, and therefore, is no longer a differentiable manifold. Now the 1-dimensional manifold is still embedded in the 2-dimensional Cartesian coordinate plane. Now if we collapse one of the two dimensions composing our 2-dimensional Cartesian coordinate plane, in which, our infinitely long 1-dimensional sub-manifold is embedded, our infinitely long 1-dimensional manifold, will become smooth and only 3 centimeters long.

The general idea is to apply this same technique to the white powdered gold concept, where white powdered gold is held to be a 5-dimensional hyper-spherical manifold with the embedded dimensionality mentioned above.

Let us assume that when gold is in it's ordinary metallic state, that the gold's overall gravitational, and inertial masses are occupying five singularities, five 1-dimensional spaces, five 2-dimensional spaces, five 3-dimensional spaces, five 4-dimensional spaces, and five 5-dimensional spaces. When we convert our gold to white powdered gold, 33% of it's gravitational and inertial mass is converted over to the 3-dimensional space to the right, and therefore 33% percent of all 5-dimensional components of the gold are shifted over to the parallel five dimensions. Now when the temperature is increased to a critical stage, all one hundred percent of the gold is translated from this 3-dimensional space, and to another 3-dimensional space, and it's 4-dimensional space is converted to a parallel 4-dimensional space, and so on, while it's 5-dimensional space, 4-dimensional space, 3-dimensional space, 2-dimensional space, and 1 dimensional space, in our Universe, vanishes, as do all of it's five dimensional components, after which, there is only four sets of 5-dimensional parallel spaces that the gold can transition into. With each transition, the gold's gravitational and inertial mass adds to the gravitational and inertial mass of the gold in the other parallel n-dimensions. The other four transition states would not probably be seen from our perspective, because our reference frame basically goes to zero as soon as the gold transitions completely into parallel dimensions. This is, theoretically, a reversible process that is facilitated by a change in the white powdered gold's temperature.

(Continued in next post)
 
  • #53
162
0
Continued from last post

(Continued from last post)

...Now the reverse is also true. Suppose that one cools off the white powdered gold. The gold becomes heavier, as it draws it's mass from the other five parallel dimensions. At some critically low temperature, there could be a complete transition of the gold's content from all the five parallel n-dimensional spaces over to our respective spaces, at which point, in 3-dimensional space, the gold will be around 500% heavier. At this point, the other sets of 5-dimensional spaces will vanish from their Universes' perspectives, and there will be only one set of five dimensions that the gold's gravitational, and inertial masses occupy. At this point, any further cooling that requires mass to be gained in the lower dimensions would have to be done by lifting the highest dimensional gravitational and inertial mass, the 5-dimensional gravitational and inertial mass, into the 4-dimensional embedded space, similar to the way we lifted the 2-dimensional solid square into the 1-dimensional perimeter of the square. This will result in the 4-dimensional mass, 3-dimensional mass, 2-dimensional mass, and 1-dimensional spatial mass to increase to infinity. This may be accomplished by shearing. Also, these dimensions will become infinitely jagged similar to the way that the perimeter of the square did. Now just as with the case of the square, the 5-dimensional coordinate system in which all the lower dimensional manifolds are embedded, remains unchanged, so that we have a complicated 4-dimensional non-differentiable structure embedded in a 5-dimensional coordinate system. Now supposing that gold follows the least area principle for energetic ground state stability, then one of the five dimensions composing our 5-dimensional coordinate systems ought to be collapsed into a 4-dimensional coordinate system the same way we collapsed one of the two dimensions composing our 2-dimensional Cartesian Plane causing our 2-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system to be collapsed into a 1-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system. The collapse of the fifth dimension of our 5-dimensional Coordinate system, in which, the infinite 4-dimensional space is embedded, results in a smoothing out of the content of our gold's 4-dimensional gravitational and inertial masses. As happened with our square's formerly infinite perimeter, the surface area of our 4-dimensional gravitational and inertial masses will decrease into a finite value, however, the gold's gravitational mass will still remain infinite in the lower three dimensions, which are x, y, and z spatial dimensions respectively. So now let us assume the fourth dimension to be time. If the gravitational mass of the gold is infinite in three spatial dimensions, and finite in the fourth temporal dimension, then the gravitational force of the gold is also infinite in three spatial dimensions, and finite in the fourth temporal dimension. In other words, the gravitational force would only be infinite at an infinitely short period in time, an instant in time, but would be finite over a finite period of time. The characteristics of such a gravitational field would be such that as time slowed down, the strength of the gravitational field would approach infinity. Albeit, this is exactly how gravity behaves. In the presence of an extremely strong gravitational field, time slows down. If I am correct in my hypothesis, then the reverse may also be true: when time slows down, the strength of a gravitational field becomes extremely strong.

What do you think?

Not making any claims about white powdered gold, just using it to give substance to this hypothetical reasoning.

Inquisitively,

Edwin G. Schasteen
 

Related Threads on Another Fundamental Force?

  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
732
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
4K
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
14
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
15
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
13
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
21
Views
5K
Top