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Another Gauss's Law Problem

  1. Apr 27, 2005 #1
    A thin cylindrical shell of radius R1 = 5.0 cm is surrounded by a second cylindrical shell of radius R2 = 9.0 cm, as in Fig. 22-34. Both cylinders are 3.0 m long. The inner one carries a total charge of Q1 = -3.8 µC. The outer one carries a total charge of Q2 = +2.2 µC. (Assume the positive direction is away from the axis.)

    Figure 22-32

    For points far from the ends of the cylinders, determine the electric field at the following radial distances from the central axis.
    (a) r = 1.5 cm
    ________ N/C
    (b) r = 6.5 cm
    ________ N/C
    (c) r = 10.5 cm
    _________ N/C

    I think E=0 when R is less than R1...and for R greater than R1, i think the formula might be E=chargedensity/2*pi*epsilon*R

    Am I even close?
     
    Last edited: Apr 27, 2005
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 27, 2005 #2
    picture is kinda small, but R1 is radius of the small cylinder (0.05m) and R2 is the radius of the large cylinder (0.09m)
     
  4. Apr 27, 2005 #3
    If you do not feel like deriving Gauss's Law for this example I know that there are three different equations for that problem. My professor always made us derive Gauss's Law so I do not know them off hand. But they would be for when r < R , r > R, and r = R. You should be able to find thme on the net pretty easy.
     
  5. Apr 27, 2005 #4

    SpaceTiger

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    Try drawing/conceptualizing the actual Gaussian surfaces. This will allow you to check your intuition in the various cases. Remember, since they say you're not near the ends, you can effectively treat the cylinders as being infinite in extent.
     
  6. Apr 27, 2005 #5
    i think the equation I have is correct, but I'm not sure where the given net charges fit in or when to use which one.

    Maybe I have to use the -3.8uC to calculate the charge density for the 6.5cm radius and use the 2.2uC to calculate the c.d for the 10.5cm radius?
     
  7. Apr 27, 2005 #6

    SpaceTiger

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    Yes, the charge density can be used to calculate the total charge interior to your gaussian surfaces.
     
  8. Apr 27, 2005 #7
    Its not working out...this is what I did:

    For b.) r= 0.065m
    c.d = Q1/A = (-3.8e-6 N/C)/(pi*0.065m)^2 = -2.9e-4

    E= c.d/(2*pi*epsilon*0.065m)
    E= -8.09e7.....but sadly, it doesn't. :confused:
     
  9. Apr 27, 2005 #8

    SpaceTiger

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    On which portion of the gaussian surface is the dot product of the electric field with the normal non-zero? Is it the circular ends or the tubular central region? What would this mean for the area in the above equation?
     
  10. Apr 27, 2005 #9
    sorry...totally lost now.
     
  11. Apr 27, 2005 #10

    Doc Al

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  12. Apr 27, 2005 #11
    I wish there was a web counter of how many times I have been to that site today. I think my main problem is that I'm not sure on what geometry my object is. Is it a conducting cylinder? or a cylinder with uniform charge density. It doesn't seem to fall into either of these categories.
     
  13. Apr 27, 2005 #12

    krab

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    Why do you call this a Gauss's law problem? It seems to me you don't have enough symmetry to use it.
     
  14. Apr 27, 2005 #13

    SpaceTiger

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    It depends on the interpretation of the following quote:

    If that's referring to the middle of the cylinders (between the ends), then there's simple cylindrical symmetry. If it's referring to a large distance from both ends of the cylinders, then you're right. I assumed the former because it makes more sense in the context of the options that followed.
     
  15. Apr 27, 2005 #14
    I'm calling it a Gauss's Law problem because that is what we are "learning" right now.....learning as in our professor assigned the chapter and went on vacation one hour later.
     
  16. Apr 27, 2005 #15

    Doc Al

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    The problem as you've described it doesn't specify how the charge is distributed on those cylinders. I would make the assumption that the charge is uniformly distributed on each cylindrical shell. (If not, you can't solve the problem!) So, your Gaussian surfaces will have cylindrical symmetry. Hint: Figure out the charge per unit length of each charged cylinder.
     
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