# Homework Help: Another sum - convergence

1. Jan 18, 2005

### twoflower

Hi,

I have this sum:

$$\sum_{n = 1}^{\infty} \frac{n^2}{ \left( 2 + \frac{1}{n} \right)^{n}}$$

I tried d'Alembert, I tried comparing it with $\frac{1}{2^{n}}$, but without success.

Could somebody point me to the right direction please?

Thank you.

2. Jan 18, 2005

### vincentchan

$$\lim (2+1/n)^n = \lim (2(1+1/2(1/n))^n =\lim 2^n (1+1/n)^{n/2}$$
can you get from here?

3. Jan 18, 2005

### twoflower

Thank you vincentchan, but I don't understand the second step - how can I get

$$\left(1+\frac{1}{n}\right)^{n/2}$$

from

$$\left(1+\frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{1}{n}\right)\right)^{n}$$

I know it must be some simple algebraic adjustment but I can't see that...

4. Jan 18, 2005

### vincentchan

use change of variable, let u=n/2 the limit will become u->infinity/2, but infinity divided by 2 is also infinity... so u->infinity

5. Jan 18, 2005

### vincentchan

OH... i made a mistake in post 2, the big idea is the same... see if you can catch it.....

6. Jan 18, 2005

### Galileo

You can also compare it with:

$$\sum_n \frac{n^2}{2^n}$$

7. Jan 18, 2005

### twoflower

I see it now (with being aware of the mistake you did :) ) I wouldn't see the possibility of the change at the first look, however.

8. Jan 18, 2005

### twoflower

You're right, this is probably the easiest way. Thank you.