# Antenna Polarization

1. May 18, 2010

### ws5155a

Suppose we have a fixed coordinatre system (x,y,z). Suppose an antenna is horizonally polarized. Is the orientation of the E field fixed as a function of (x,y,z). Or does it change?

2. May 18, 2010

### vk6kro

It is fixed until the wave bends or bounces off something like an ionized layer in the sky or a solid surface. After that, it may exit at a different orientation.

This is why you will usually see all the TV antennas in one area are all horizontal or all vertical.

3. May 19, 2010

### ws5155a

Thanks.
I was thinking that since the E field is always in the plane orthogonal to the progagation direction, that the orientation of the E field must depend on (x,y,z). i.e Different locations would have different progagation directions, so the E field would be oriented differently.

4. May 19, 2010

### sophiecentaur

The HP and VP really only apply to transmissions in the direction of the main beam of a directional antenna and only then when you are talking about transmissions parallel with a flat ground.

All you can really say is that the E field is normal to the direction of propagation. How would you define VP if the beam were arriving vertically at the ground, for instance? For anything but propagation parallel to the ground, there is an element of Horizontal E field, in fact, even if it was originally launched as perfectly VP. (and vice versa.) It's a geometry thing and can seriously hurt the brain.
It's a real nightmare when you try to consider what happens to a linearly polarised wave, launched from a 'feed' when it spreads out and hits a parabolic reflector. The surface of the reflector is in all sorts of planes and the polarisation that emerges from each point is changed on reflection. This effect is less (through cancellation) when the dish is symmetrical but many dishes have 'offset' feeds (look on the sides of some nearby houses). It is common to use circular polarisation which helps in this respect.