# Anything such as infinite?

1. Apr 5, 2005

### bayan

i know that Infinite can exist in mathematical world (As it is imposible to count the very last number at any given instance. i.e in a frozen time having an end.)

But when it come to reality is there anything such as infinite? I mean people used to believe that universe was infinite but now based on theory we say it has a limit. because (again based on theory, we say universe is expanding).

So as I said before is there anything such as infinite in real world? (not beig able to reach the end of it even if no time exists.)

2. Apr 5, 2005

### Staff: Mentor

If the universe is expanding and is going to expand forever, that's a natually occurring infinity.

3. Apr 5, 2005

### Tournesol

The cosmos could be infinite now and expanding.

4. Apr 5, 2005

### sneez

"The cosmos could be infinite now and expanding"

Infinite and expanding ? infinity + 1 = infinity or am i missing something ?

5. Apr 5, 2005

### Tournesol

Things are getting futher apart. (On the cosmological scale. Rulers don't expand).

6. Apr 5, 2005

### <<<GUILLE>>>

think in the longest number you can.

right now, that number is infinite for you.

but here comes your clever friend and tell you,

Now, you have a bigger number than the old one, so this number is the biggest you know, and so, it is infinite for you.

I'm trying to say that infinite is a concept as well as zero, not a number.

7. Apr 5, 2005

### bayan

what is the defenition of infinite? Isn't it defined as the gratest? (meaning that nothing bigger than that)

If so at a given instant you can mesuare the length of universe thus giving it a length which no longer is infintite.

However if infinite is defined by someother meaning please tell me so I can clarify this to myself

8. Apr 5, 2005

### Tournesol

Infinite basically means without end. An very loose illustration of the expanding universe
would be

1,2,3,4...

1,3,5,7...

1,4,7,10...

note the dots!

9. Apr 5, 2005

### The Rev

I have always thought that in a world of finites, infinity would be incompatible. For example, if the universe is infinite, and the planet earth is finite, how does one express the proportion in size?

The earth is $$\frac{1}{\infty}$$ of the universe?
So is any other object in the universe, if the universe itself is infinite.

It's a little like that proof that says because $$4*0=0$$ and $$3*0=0$$, then $$4=3$$

The addition of infinity into the equation makes it nonsense.

$$\phi$$

The Rev

Last edited: Apr 5, 2005
10. Apr 5, 2005

### dextercioby

Sorry to "crash the party",but lemme add that,if physicists would be fully convinced that the mathematical infinite has (under certain circumstances,cosmology is one of them) physical meaning,then why would they search for theories whose equations would be infinite-free??

Daniel.

11. Apr 5, 2005

Would the infinite set of all even positive whole numbers, and the infinite set of all natural numbers be two different 'orders' of infinities? It seems silly, but wouldnt one be in some sense 'more' infinite then the other?

12. Apr 5, 2005

### Crosson

Yes, there are different "orders" of infinity. The word for this is cardinality.

In order to talk meaningfully about infinite sets of different cardinalities, we need a definition.

"Two infinite sets have the same cardinality if they can be put in to one-to-one correspondence".

In the example you gave, the natural numbers and the even natural numbers have the same cardinality. This is because their is a one to one correspondence, i.e. for each n in the natural numbers there exists 2*n in the even numbers.

So the answer is yes, different orders of infinity exist; and no, you haven't found one.

The set of natural numbers, integers and fractions all have the same cardinality. The real numbers, however, belong to a "higher order" of infinity.

13. Apr 5, 2005

Where do imaginary numbers fit into there?

How would we recognize an occasion when an infinity coming out of theoretical physics is in fact correct?

14. Apr 5, 2005

### Gokul43201

Staff Emeritus
Imaginary numbers are nothing much more special than the reals (multiplying a real by i gives an imaginary number) and clearly have the same cardinality. Complex numbers are the sum of a real and imaginary number (a special ordered pair of reals) and so they too have the same cardinality as the reals (in just the same way that rationals have the same cardinality as the integers).

One way is from experiment.

Last edited: Apr 5, 2005
15. Apr 5, 2005

### Gokul43201

Staff Emeritus
Both ARE numbers. "Infinity" is not a real number. Zero, most certainly is.

Last edited: Apr 5, 2005
16. Apr 6, 2005

### Tournesol

There's a difference between extensive quantities (space and time) and intensive quantities (everything else).

17. Apr 8, 2005

### bayan

As infinite is described as having no end, how can universe be infinite when there is an end to it?

You may not be able to reach that end any time soon but it has an end which is expanding. if infinite is no end how do we have an infinite+1? wouldnt the new number take place as infinite, leaving the old one as a number therefore making no number such as infinite?

What I mean is that You can calculate or measure the length or magnitude of something at a given time while it is said to be infinite.

18. Apr 8, 2005

### hypermorphism

Please provide a source for the statement that the universe (not just the observable universe) has an end.
The ability to write a string does not give it meaning. The string 1/0, for example, is undefined in the reals. You must give precise definitions in order to talk about such objects in relation to other defined objects. In the extended complex numbers, infinite + 1 = infinite. Or if you define "infinite" to be a number greater than all other numbers, then infinite + 1 is undefined in your system, unless you further extend your system in the fashion of the ordinals.
You're talking about some finite object. An infinite object does not have this property.

19. Apr 8, 2005

### Uno Lee

Infinity
1. The quality or condition of being infinite.
2. Unbounded space, time, or quantity.
3. An indefinitely large number or amount.
4. Mathematics. The limit that a function is said to approach at x = a when (x) is larger than any preassigned number for all x sufficiently near a.

5. a. A range in relation to an optical system, such as a camera lens, representing distances great enough that light rays reflected from objects within the range may be regarded as parallel.
b. A distance setting, as on a camera, beyond which the entire field is in focus.

Is infinity an undesirable quantity when it comes up in equations?

20. Apr 8, 2005

### Staff: Mentor

Sometimes yes and sometimes no: the whole point of calculus is using infinity and division by zero to your advantage.