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In a laboratory experiment, you wish to determine the initial speed of a dart just after it leaves a dart gun. The dart, of mass m, is fired with the gun very close to a wooden block of mass M0 which hangs from a cord of length l and negligible mass, as shown above. Assume the size of the block is negligible compared to l, and the dart is moving horizontally when it hits the left side of the block at its center and becomes embedded in it. The block swings up to a maximum angle from the vertical. Express your answers to the following in terms of m, M0, l, max, and g.

a. Determine the speed v0 of the dart immediately before it strikes the block.

b. The dart and block subsequently swing as a pendulum. Determine the tension in the cord when it returns to the lowest point of the swing.

c. At your lab table you have only the following additional equipment.

Meter stick Stopwatch Set of known masses

Protractor 5 m of string Five more blocks of mass M0

Spring

Without destroying or disassembling any of this equipment, design another practical method for determining the speed of the dart just after it leaves the gun. Indicate the measurements you would take, and how the speed could be determined from these measurements.

How I tried to solve:

a) Need help.

b) a=v^2/r is centripetal acceleration, multiply by mass for force. And I am now also confused, the problem suggest that the solution should use theta max, L, g, m, Mo. Now if centripetal accerleeration is taken into affect it should be FT = (m+Mo)g - Fc. Because centripetal force is in the same direction as force tension.

You can find Fc by using the maximum y height in potential energy formula, and transforming it into kinetic energy, then find the velocity.

With the velocity you can calculate Fc.

I got 2g(L-Lcos(theta))=v^2

(m+Mo)g - [(m+Mo)(2g(L-Lcos(theta)))]/L = Fnet

Not sure if that is right, I just learned this stuff.

c) Any suggestions would be great, thanks!

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# Homework Help: AP Momentum/Energy Problem

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