• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products via PF Here!

Application of Integration II

  • Thread starter chrisyuen
  • Start date
1. Homework Statement

The monthly cost C(t) at time t of operating a certain machine in a factory can be modelled by C(t) = aebt-1 (0 < t <= 36),
where t is in month and C(t) is in thousand dollars.
The following table shows the values of C(t) when t = 1, 2, 3, 4.

C(1) = 1.21; C(2) = 1.44; C(3) = 1.70; C(4) = 1.98.

(a)(i) Express ln[C(t)+1] as a linear function of t.
(a)(ii) Use the given table and the graph paper below to estimate graphically the values of a and b correct to 1 decimal place.
(a)(iii) Using the values of a and b found in (a)(ii), estimate the monthly cost of operating this machine when t = 36.
(b) The monthly income P(t) generated by this machine at time t can be modelled by P(t) = 439 - e0.2t (0 < t <= 36),
where t is in month and P(t) is in thousand dollars.
The factory will stop using this machine when the monthly cost of operation exceeds the monthly income.
(i) Find the value of t when the factory stops using this machine. Give the answer correct to the nearest integer.
(ii) What is the total profit generated by this machine? Give the answer correct to the nearest thousand dollars.

(Answers
(a)(i) ln a + bt
(a)(ii) a = 2.0, b = 0.1
(a)(iii) 72.1965 thousand dollars
(b)(i) 30
(b)(ii) 10806 thousand dollars)

2. Homework Equations

Definite Integration Formulae

3. The Attempt at a Solution

I don't know how to solve part (b)(ii).

[tex]\int[/tex][tex]^{29}_{0}[/tex] (P(t) - C(t)) dt

=[440t - [tex]\frac{1}{0.2}[/tex]e0.2t - [tex]\frac{2}{0.1}[/tex]e0.1t][tex]^{29}_{0}[/tex]

=10770 (but not 10806)
 
Last edited:
316
0
From the answer you got in (b)(i) I would say you have to integrate from 0 to 30, this gives the correct answer to (b)(ii).
 
Yes, I got it!

Thank you very much!
 

Related Threads for: Application of Integration II

  • Posted
Replies
4
Views
1K
Replies
3
Views
778
  • Posted
Replies
2
Views
9K
  • Posted
Replies
13
Views
2K
  • Posted
Replies
2
Views
1K

Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving
Top