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Appuratus needed

  1. Sep 30, 2009 #1
    Is there such a part that when it hears a particual sound, that it only recognises this sound.

    let me explain...

    I am trying to conduct an experiment, and have limited knowledge in this field! Basically my project is to make something, so when a blender is turned on 'my project' hears this sound, and a light comes on (prefer a light, but it could be anything which indicates the noise has been heard). To make things harder for me, is this possible for the light to come on when only a particular noise is heard! If this is possible, could someone explain the theory behind this and the type of apparatus need to make this!

    I hope this doesn't come across as if it were "a homework project"! I am infact 22 and just an experiment I want to carry out for my own pleasure! (hopefully everyone can see, that by my lack of knowledge it would def not be anything to do with a homework)

    Any help would be muckly appriaciated
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 30, 2009 #2

    mgb_phys

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    Tricky
    Recognising a single tone is very easy, recognising the pattern of almost random noise from a blender is much harder.
    It becomes a pattern recognition/machine learning task (see neural nets, Haar classifiers etc)
    It depends on how disciminatory you need to be, do you need to be able to tell the difference between a blender and a dishwasher, or a lawnmower outside, or a concrete mixer? Or do simply need to respond to any noise like a blender.
     
  4. Sep 30, 2009 #3
    Just need to recoginise one noise!! A blender was an example!! So that it knows the sound of a blender, but when it hears a "cement mixer" sound, nothing would happen!! Please please help!
     
  5. Sep 30, 2009 #4

    FredGarvin

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    Like MGB was trying to get across is that a blender has a sound that is made up of many individual tones, i.e. random noises. If you were to look at a spectrum of the noise from a blender it would have many peaks at many frequencies that would comprise the overall sound. That would be a difficult task to recognize without something like a spectrum analyzer or the like to recognize the overall spectrum. Now, if your sound source was a single, pure tone, i.e. one frequency, then it would be a lot easier to do.
     
  6. Sep 30, 2009 #5
    Ok, I understand what u are saying! If it was a one consistent noise with one frequency! What appuratus would be able to only pick out that, apose to other noises!
    Thanks
     
  7. Sep 30, 2009 #6
    Hello callumbrad-
    It is very straight forward to set up a microphone and an operational amplifier tuned to a very specific audible frequency, such as C below middle C for example (~256 Hz).
    Bob S
     
  8. Sep 30, 2009 #7
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 24, 2017
  9. Sep 30, 2009 #8

    FredGarvin

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    Here's a link to a pretty neat thread where the OP is trying to recognize the two tone signal created by telephone number dialing. You can get an idea of just how difficult it could be to recognize a signal with hundreds or thousands of components!

    http://www.vbforums.com/showthread.php?t=325457
     
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