That is a very vague question Im afraid, as there are many methods you may have to use, depending on what kind of formula. It sometimes is even impossible.
Assuming you mean something simple, basically if we want to isolate v, we take all the things with a v to one side of the formula, and everything else on the other side. If there are common factors, cancel them out. If it is still not plain v, say v^2, then we cancel that out with a square root, we've got v. But thats not a very good explanation. Give us an example and we'll tell you how to do that one.