Average Acceleration Question

  • #1
DrDonaldDuck
13
0

Homework Statement


"A bullet is fired through a 5.0 cm thick board of some material. The bullet strikes the board with a speed of 200 m/s, and emerges out the other end at 100 m/s.


Homework Equations


a= (change in velocity)/(change in time)
average velocity = .5(initial v + final v)


The Attempt at a Solution



a= (-100 m/s)/(.000333 seconds) = -300300 m/s^2
I found .000333s as the time it took for the bullet to pass through the board, using the average velocity of 150 m/s.


Is this correct?

SOLVED.
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Simon Bridge
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
17,874
1,657
It helps, if you are unsure of your reasoning, to relate what you did with some other representation... eg. from your equations:

ave speed = distance over change in time:[tex]\frac{d}{T} = \frac{1}{2}(v + u) \Rightarrow 2d = (v + u)T[/tex]... using distace d, change in time T, final velocity v, initial velocity u.

acceleration is change in speed over change in time:[tex]a = \frac{v - u}{T} \Rightarrow v = aT + u[/tex]

Soooo... combining them:[tex]2d = \big ( (aT + u) + u\big )T = aT^2 +2uT \Rightarrow d = uT + \frac{1}{2}aT^2[/tex]... which you will recognize as a kinematic equation.
... so what you've done is basically the same as assuming a constant acceleration, and is consistent with other physics you know.
 

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