Balancing Redox Reaction

Homework Statement

Cr(OH)3(s) + ClO3−(aq) ® CrO42−(aq) + Cl−(aq) (basic)

I am up the point where I need to balance both half-reactions for electron charge and I'm confused as to why this half reaction: ClO3− + 6H+ + 6e− ® Cl− + 3H2O, has a total of 6 electrons instead of 5. Isn't the overall charge on that side +5, from the difference of 6H+ and 1 ClO3-?

Char. Limit
Gold Member
Actually both sides of the half-reaction have charge -1. I looked and it looked balanced to me. If it's balanced, why mess with it?

Really they are both -1? I thought that 6H+ (6e) + ClO- (-1e) = 5 electrons. Wouldn't all the hydrogen atoms carry a 6+ charge on that side? And on the other side, I see why Cl- + 3H20 = -1. H20 carries no charge and Cl- is obviously -1.

Char. Limit
Gold Member
ClO- counts as an extra electron, not a deficiency.

What about the 6H+? It doesn't carry a charge?

Actually, I just realized the 6 electrons were not for total balance charge but rather the change in Cl by itself, so the -1 charge does make sense. Thank you!