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Ball compressing spring

  • Thread starter sloanmp
  • Start date
  • #1
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A ball of mass 0.25 kg is fired with velocity 120 m/s into the barrel of a spring gun of mass 1.8 kg initially at rest on a frictionless surface. The ball sticks in the barrel at the point of maximum compression of the spring. No energy is lost to friction. What fraction of the ball's initial kinetic energy is stored in the spring?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
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You'll need inelastic collision conservation of momentum:
(m1+m2)V_cen. of mass = m1v1 +m2v2

And a translation into a center of mass reference frame:
v'1 + v_cen. of mass = v1

If you get the kinetic energy of the center of mass of the system before the collision that will be the kinetic energy that was lost into internal spring potential...

Maybe there is an easier way, but I'm pretty sure this will get you the answer.
 

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