Basic Astronomy problem

  • #1
1. Homework Statement
It's a very simple (I guess) astronomy problem but I have no idea how to start and what to do, so please show me something.

One star Σ has (right ascension) α=1h25m18s. What is the (sidereal time) ST at Thessaloniki (φ=40.5°, λ=-23°) when the star is at its upper culmination?

Thank you,
Panos
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
662
1
How much of this do you understand so far?

Do you know what is meant by right ascension? Sidereal time? Latitude and longitude? Upper culmination? If you don't understand any one of these terms, you'll have trouble solving the problem; if you do understand them, then you should show us how far you've gotten with them so far.
 
  • #3
I have a little knowledge about all that, but I don't think I have fully understood them.
For example, when we say that a star has α=1h25m18s we mean that this star is at it's upper culmination on the meridian that is about 20° east of Greenwich or something?

Maybe what I'm saying is completely wrong, but I haven't had anyone to explain all that new stuff to me and I'm missing a basic point here.
 
  • #4
662
1
I have a little knowledge about all that, but I don't think I have fully understood them.
For example, when we say that a star has α=1h25m18s we mean that this star is at it's upper culmination on the meridian that is about 20° east of Greenwich or something?

Maybe what I'm saying is completely wrong, but I haven't had anyone to explain all that new stuff to me and I'm missing a basic point here.
No, that doesn't sound right to me. The rt. asc. of the star tells you where it is on the celestial sphere. It will be at its upper culmination for you when your local meridian passes that angle of rt. asc. on the celestial sphere.

I think the thing you need to use here is the Greenwich Hour Angle (GHA), which is defined such that GHA = (local sideral time) - (star's rt. asc.), i.e. it tells you how much siderial time has passed since the star was on the local meridian (upper culmination).
 
  • #5
662
1
I have a little knowledge about all that, but I don't think I have fully understood them.
For example, when we say that a star has α=1h25m18s we mean that this star is at it's upper culmination on the meridian that is about 20° east of Greenwich or something?

Maybe what I'm saying is completely wrong, but I haven't had anyone to explain all that new stuff to me and I'm missing a basic point here.
OH! I think I just figured out what you are saying, and yes, now I think you are correct. You just need to add that this star is at upper culmination for that meridian at a sidereal time of zero.
 
  • #6
dynamicsolo
Homework Helper
1,648
4
I think the thing you need to use here is the Greenwich Hour Angle (GHA), which is defined such that GHA = (local sideral time) - (star's rt. asc.), i.e. it tells you how much siderial time has passed since the star was on the local meridian (upper culmination).

If the question is asking for the local sidereal time at Thessaloniki, you need to use the local hour angle. GHA will give you the sidereal time at Greenwich.

Sidereal time is a local measure which tells you about the orientation of your location on Earth relative to the direction of the vernal equinox. Another way of putting this is that the local sidereal time tells you the right ascension of stars on your meridian at that moment.
 
Last edited:
  • #7
andrevdh
Homework Helper
2,128
116
The hour angle of the star will be zero when it is in culmination at Thessaloniki.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hour_angle" [Broken]

or if you look in Wikipedia at the definition of ST it mentions that ..."and when sidereal time is equal to an object's right ascension, the object will be at its highest point in the sky, or culmination," ....

which means that ST is the RA of the objects on the local meridian.
 
Last edited by a moderator:
  • #8
The hour angle of the star will be zero when it is in culmination at Thessaloniki.

So the answer is

ST(Thessaloniki)= [tex]\alpha[/tex] + H
ST= [tex]\alpha[/tex] + 0
ST= 1h25m18s ?


-edit-
I changed the alpha letter with a latex one, because I typed it before (i'm greek so I have an eng/gr keyboard) without thinking that you won't be able to see it. Sorry if it caused any mess.
 
Last edited:
  • #9
dynamicsolo
Homework Helper
1,648
4
So the answer is

ST(Thessaloniki)= ? + H
ST= ? + 0
ST= 1h25m18s ?

That should be correct for the local sidereal time. I believe that belliott4488 may be thinking of a different situation where Greenwich Hour Angle is called for, such as needing to make the calculations starting from GMT. Nowadays, at observatories, this is all handled with atomic time standards, precise geographical location of observatory positions, and computer software. (It's still good to know how to calculate sidereal time if it's something you work with much...)
 
  • #10
Thank you all for your help :)

Nowadays, at observatories, this is all handled with atomic time standards, precise geographical location of observatory positions, and computer software. (It's still good to know how to calculate sidereal time if it's something you work with much...)

Yes it says so in the book, that this is no more of use, but we still have to learn it.
Is this not being taught anymore at the us universities in the introductory astronomy lesson?
 
Last edited:
  • #11
dynamicsolo
Homework Helper
1,648
4
Yes it says so in the book, that this is no more of use, but we still have to learn it.

Well, it's still always a good idea to know how something is calculated and how to at least estimate a result, even if computers are available to do the detailed work.

It occurred to me that the other place the Greenwich Hour Angle is used is in traditional navigation, where you have star positions and a GMT clock, but use the difference between GHA and the hour angle you measure for a star at your location to work out your longitude. (Again, nowadays, we use timing signals from satellites in the GPS network and a portable, dedicated microprocessor to work out positions on the Earth. But mariners and aviators still learn traditional methods of reckoning because you can't always be sure your GPS "box" will be functioning...)

Is this not being taught anymore at the us universities?

I think astronomy students are still shown this topic here, but it's probably gotten reduced in emphasis of late...
 

Related Threads on Basic Astronomy problem

  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
883
  • Last Post
Replies
0
Views
1K
Replies
1
Views
247
Replies
2
Views
488
Replies
1
Views
577
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
453
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
774
Top