Basic projectile motion problem

1. Feb 11, 2006

nick727kcin

...

You are watching an archery tournament when you start wondering how fast an arrow is shot from the bow. Remembering your physics, you ask one of the archers to shoot an arrow parallel to the ground. You find the arrow stuck in the ground 63.0 m away, making a 3.00 degree angle with the ground. how fast was the arrow shot?

look two posts down....

Last edited: Feb 12, 2006
2. Feb 11, 2006

nick727kcin

using another equation....

d= vit +.5at^2
63= vi(.616)+.5(-187)(.616)^2
vi= 678.23m/s

which is also wrong...

in case a wasnt supposed to be negative:

63=vi(.616)+.5(187)(.616^2)
vi= -473.69 m/s

which is also wrong

3. Feb 11, 2006

daniel_i_l

I'm not sure exactly what you did but for one thing, there is no acceleration in the x direction, only downwards cause of energy.
So the Vox = Vix. Cause of that you know that the x component of the original speed times the time equals the distance (63).
Also, the y component of the original speed Viy goes with the equation:
H = Viy*t - 0.5g*t^2. The H you have (dy, but I got 3.3) so now you have two equations with two unknowns (t and Vi).

4. Feb 12, 2006

nick727kcin

ok so this is the real time:

time=.8208s
dx= 3.30 m

dx= vt

v= 76.85 m/s but this is wrong. ahhh this is killll

Last edited: Feb 12, 2006
5. Feb 12, 2006

arildno

First, be absolutely clear on what are your principal unknowns here!

Those are
a) the initial velocity V in the x-direction
and
b) The height H from which the archer shot the arrow parallell to the ground (i.e, the initial vertical velocity is, indeed 0, as you thought).

c) The time t it took the arrow to hit the ground.
Let's set up a few equations relating V,t,H:

Horizontal distance traveled:
$$63=Vt$$
Vertical distance traveled:
$$H=\frac{gt^{2}}{2}$$
Ratio of velocities at time of impact:
$$\frac{V_{y}}{V_{x}}=-\tan(3), V_{y}=-gt, V_{x}=V$$

The last equation expresses that the arrow at the time of impact follows is parallell to the tangent line of the parabolic arc at that point.

You only need the first and third equation to answer your question.

6. Feb 12, 2006

nick727kcin

t=.8209s
Vy= -8.0444m/s

final result:

Vy/[-tan(3)]=Vx
Vx=[-gt]/[tan(3)]
vx=153.5 m/s

its still saying its wrong, but thanks alot man

7. Feb 12, 2006

arildno

Eeh, not too sure what you've done here!

From the 3rd equation, we get:

$$t=V\frac{\tan(3)}{g}$$
and hence, from the first:
$$V=\sqrt{\frac{63g}{\tan(3)}}\approx\sqrt{\frac{60*63*g}{\pi}}\approx{60}\sqrt{3}$$

8. Feb 12, 2006

nick727kcin

ooo i get it. you substituted vy=-gt into the third equation. thanks so much man: :!!)

9. Feb 12, 2006

arildno

Well, I'm not going after your home address, but I am flattered.