# Basic vectors

i just started physics and i missed the first day. i'm trying to do these vector problems but i can't quite understand it and my book isn't helping.

given that A+2B = x1j +y1j and 2A-B = x2i + y2j what is A?

given that A + B =x1i + y1j and A-B = x2i + y2j what is A?

given that A +B =x1i + y1j and A-B = x2i + y2j what is B?

Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
Welcome to PF;
There's a bunch of people with these problems coming in today ... so having attended the class does not seem to have helped ;)

If you look at those equations, they are in pairs with A-B on one side and A+B on the other ... to get the A out, just add them. To get the B out, subtract them.

I'll show you:

Lets say A+B=xi+yj and A-B=wi+zj

then I can put v1= A+B and v2=A-B
then v1+v2 = (A+B)+(A-B) = (xi+yj)+(wi+zj) do you see now?

v1+v2 = A+B+A-B = 2A = (x+w)i+(y+z)j

therefore A = (1/2)[(x+w)i+(y+z)j]

Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
What we are doing is lining the relations up and adding the columns just like for a sum of two regular numbers.

$$\begin{array}{ccccccccc} & A & + & B & = & x\hat{\imath} & + & y\hat{\jmath}&\\ +(& A & - & B & = & w \hat{\imath}& + & z\hat{\jmath}&)\\ \hline & 2A & & & = & (x+w) \hat{\imath}& + & (y+z)\hat{\jmath}& \end{array}$$

That makes so much more sense!
Is this the right answer for "given that A + B =x1i + y1j and A-B = x2i + y2j what is A?"
I got A= (x1+x2)/2i +(y1+y2)/2j

Also for "A+2B = x1j +y1j and 2A-B = x2i + y2j what is A?" I got to this point and then got confused:

3A+B=(x1+x2)i +(y1+y2)j and now i don't know how to get the A all alone

Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
When there is some constant multiplying the vector we want to get rid of, we have to add a multiple of the vectors together like this:

$$\begin{array}{rcccccccl} & A & + & 2B & = & x\hat{\imath} & + & y\hat{\jmath}&\\ +2\times(& 2A & - & B & = & w \hat{\imath}& + & z\hat{\jmath}&)\\ \hline & 5A & & & = & (x+2w) \hat{\imath}& + & (y+2z)\hat{\jmath}& \end{array}$$

notice how the +2x(... applies to the entire second row. I'm multiplying the second vector by 2 so that the second column will have a -2B in it.

$$\begin{array}{rcccccccl} 2\times( & A & + & 2B & = & x\hat{\imath} & + & y\hat{\jmath}&)\\ -(& 2A & - & B & = & w \hat{\imath}& + & z\hat{\jmath}&)\\ \hline & & & 3B & = & (2x-w) \hat{\imath}& + & (2y-z)\hat{\jmath}& \end{array}$$