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Beat Frequency?

  1. Feb 21, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Tuning Fork A has frequency of 320 Hz. When it is sounded with Tuning Fork B, 14 beats are detected in 7.0 seconds. Elastic bands are placed on the tines of Tuning Fork B and the beat frequency drops down to 1.0 Hz. What was the original frequency of Tuning Fork B? Explain your reasoning.

    2. Relevant equations
    f2 = f1 ± fb
    fb = N / Δt

    3. The attempt at a solution
    Possible frequencies for Tuning fork B with a beat frequency of 2 Hz:
    fb = N/ Δt
    fb = 14 / 7.0s = 2.0 Hz

    f2 = f1 ± fb
    f2 = 320 Hz ± 2.0 Hz = 322 Hz or 318 Hz

    Possible frequencies for Tuning Fork B with a beat frequency of 1 Hz:
    f2 = 320 Hz ± 1.0 Hz = 321 Hz or 319 Hz

    Test each possible frequency:
    For 321 Hz:
    f2 = 321 - 320 = 1.0 Hz

    For 319 Hz:
    f2 = 320 - 319 = 1.0 Hz

    Both equal 1.0 Hz.

    Please help! I have no idea what I did here, I am so confused and this question keeps haunting me :/
    Any help would be appreciated!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 21, 2016 #2

    TSny

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    Think about the effect of putting elastic bands on the tines of a tuning fork. Would you expect the rate of vibration of the tines to increase or decrease (compared to without the elastic bands)?
     
  4. Feb 21, 2016 #3
    The rate of vibration would decrease. So I re-did my answer and it makes a lot more sense than the previous one. Here goes:

    fb = N/ Δt
    fb = 14 / 7.0s = 2.0 Hz

    f2 = f1 ± fb
    f2 = 320 Hz ± 2.0 Hz = 322 Hz or 318 Hz

    Because of the elastic band on Tuning Fork B, the frequency will decrease. So:
    fb= 1.0 Hz
    Now each possible frequency is lowered by 1:
    322 Hz - 1.0 Hz = 321 Hz
    318 Hz - 1.0 Hz = 317 Hz

    Now test the two possibilities:
    if f2= 317 Hz:
    f2= 320 Hz- 317 Hz = 3 Hz ( this is false)

    if f2= 321 Hz:
    f2= 321 Hz - 320 Hz = 1 Hz ( this is correct because it equals the beat frequency)

    So the original frequency of Tuning Fork B is 321 Hz.

    Is this correct???





     
  5. Feb 22, 2016 #4

    TSny

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    Almost! Note that you are looking for the original frequency of tuning fork B (before the bands were added).
     
  6. Feb 22, 2016 #5
    Ok. So before the bands were added the possible frequencies were 322 Hz and 318 Hz.
    So I'm assuming the original frequency would be 322 Hz.

    I'm assuming this because 321 Hz was the right frequency for after the bands were added, so since 321 Hz came from decreasing 322 Hz by 1, I would assume that the original frequency would be 322 Hz.

    Does that make any sense? correct me if I am wrong please.
     
  7. Feb 22, 2016 #6

    TSny

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    I agree with your answer and your reasoning.
     
  8. Feb 22, 2016 #7
    Thank you so much for your help! I really appreciate it! :biggrin:
     
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