Can somebody please explain how to read a binary phase diagram.
Just like reading any other X-Y plot except you have composition on the x axis and temperature on the Y axis. Find the point on the x axis of the binary phase diagram that corresponds to the composition. It will be like 40%A or .4A (which is the same as 60%B in a binary system right?) by mass or mole fraction. Then trace up to the given temperature and what ever region that point lies in is the phase. Different phases include different types of solids, liquids, and gases will be the types of things typically on phase diagrams
A phase diagram consists of a number of phase fields that fit together like a jigsaw puzzle (the term for that is 'contiguous').
In a binary phase diagram, each field contains either one single phase or one pair of phases. Neighbouring fields always have one phase in common, except at unique points where three boundaries come together.
If you imagine moving around the diagram by changing the temperature and/or composition, every time you cross the boundary between two phase fields, either a phase disappears or a new one appears.
If you want to braze two parts together and want to know the minimum temperature to perform the operation, find the composition of your alloy on the phase diagram, draw a vertical line until you hit the Liquid phase field and read off the temperature.
If you want to know how much salt is needed to de-ice a road in cold weather, look at the salt-water phase diagram for your temperature, draw a horizontal line (from the water end) until you hit the Liquid phase field and read off the percentage of salt
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