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*Optics*book, which goes something like this:

Given the following equations:

**Cauchy's Equation:**

[tex]n = C_1 + \frac{C_2}{\lambda^2} + \frac{C_3}{\lambda^4} + ... [/tex]

**Sellmeier's Equation:**

[tex]n^2 = 1 + \sum_{j} \frac{A_j\lambda^2}{\lambda^2-\lambda_0_j^2}

[/tex]

where the [tex]A_j[/tex] terms are constants and each [tex]\lambda_0_j[/tex] is the vacuum wavelength associated with a natural frequency [tex]v_0_j[/tex], such that [tex]\lambda_0_jv_0_j = c [/tex].

Show that where [tex]\lambda >> \lambda_0_j [/tex], Cauchy's Equation is an approximation of Sellmeier's Equation.

Now it also gives a hint which is as follows:

*Write the above expression with only the first term in the sum; expand it by the binomial theorem; take the square root of [tex]n^2[/tex] and expand again.*

From the hint, I gather that it means to rewrite Sellmeier's Equation as:

[tex]n^2 = 1 + \frac{A\lambda^2}{\lambda^2 - \lambda_0^2}[/tex]

From there though, I have no idea how to apply the binomial theorem to expand it. I just don't see how anything in that equation has the form [tex](x+y)^n[/tex], except for where n = 1.

If anyone can explain to me how to apply the binomial theorem to the equation, or if I've misunderstood what the hint means, it would be much appreciated.