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Bionomial Expansions help

  1. Feb 5, 2012 #1
    Bionomial Expansions help :)

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A) Three consecutive coefficients in the expansion of (1+x)^n are in the ratio 6:14:21. Find the value of n.

    B) Find the independent term in the [2x + 1 - 1/(2x^2)]^6 (independent term is x^0)

    C) In the expansion of (1 + ax)^n the first term is 1, the second term is 24x, and the third term is 252x^2. Find the values of a and n

    D) In the expansion of (x + a)^3(x - b)^6, the coefficient of x^7 is -9 and there is no x^8 term. Find a and b.




    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution

    A) I realized that the coefficients are n C r, n C (r+1), and n C (r+2), and that they are in ratio of 6:14:21. However I am not sure how to find n after this step.

    B) I tried substituting a variable y { let y = 2x - 1/(2x^2) } to form (y + 1)^6. I could expand it all out and test each term using the general term of binomial expansion, but that would be very tedious. I am wondering if there is a better solution

    C) I simplified C) to (a)(n C 1) = 24 and (a^2)(n C 2) = 252. Now I'm stuck on what to do next

    D) I've simplified it to 5b^2 -6ab + a^2 = -3 and -2b^2 +a = 0. I'm not sure how to proceed from this.


    Any help is appreciated :)
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 5, 2012 #2

    Ray Vickson

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    You have formulas for C(n,r) and C(n,r+1), so you can compute and simplify the ratio C(n,r)/C(n,r+1), and set that equal to 6/14. That is one equation for n and r. Do the same for n and (r+1). Be careful to simplify the ratio as much as you can before proceeding!

    RGV
     
  4. Feb 5, 2012 #3

    SammyS

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    Let's wait and hope that a Moderator splits this up, before we get too far into helping.
     
  5. Feb 5, 2012 #4

    berkeman

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    It is several questions at once (please don't do that), but maybe we can handle them at once since the OP did post work on each?
     
  6. Feb 5, 2012 #5

    SammyS

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    Okee-Dokee.
     
  7. Feb 5, 2012 #6

    berkeman

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    Sorry Sammy. You are a huge helper. Should this be split up?
     
  8. Feb 5, 2012 #7

    SammyS

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    nCr is given by:

    [itex]\displaystyle _{n}C_{r}=\frac{n!}{r\,!\,(n-r)!}[/itex]

    So, for instance: [itex]\displaystyle \frac{_{n}C_{r-1}}{_{n}C_{r}}=\frac{\displaystyle \frac{n!}{(r-1)!\,(n-r+1)!}}{\displaystyle \frac{n!}{r\,!\,(n-r)!}}=\frac{r\,!\,(n-r)!}{(r-1)!\,(n-r+1)!}=\frac{r}{n-r+1}=\frac{6}{14}[/itex]

    Similarly: [itex]\displaystyle \frac{_{n}C_{r}}{_{n}C_{r+1}}=\frac{14}{21}[/itex]

    It's pretty easy to solve these for n and r.
     
  9. Feb 5, 2012 #8

    SammyS

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    No, It'll be OK.
     
  10. Feb 5, 2012 #9

    berkeman

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    Re: Bionomial Expansions help :)

    :smile:
     
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