Bird on wire, tension

  • Thread starter iluvfisics
  • Start date
  • #1
iluvfisics

Homework Statement


0.5 kg bird lands on wire of telephone poles that are 50m apart. The wire sags 0.15m. What's the tension in the wire? Ignore weight of the wire

Homework Equations




The Attempt at a Solution


I figured out the angle that would be created (0.34 degrees) when the bird lands and when I go to make individual equations for the x and y components of the tension I put Fy=2Tsin(0.34) - W +N=0. When I check the answer they do not include the normal force (N) in the equation. Why is that? Is it because we are ignoring the weight of the wire?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #3
iluvfisics
What are W and N?
W is weight (mg) and N is the normal force
 
  • #4
35,716
12,294
The normal force of what, and how does it differ from the weight?
 
  • #5
iluvfisics
The normal force of what, and how does it differ from the weight?
The normal force meaning the force of the wire on the bird. Why would it not be included in the y-vector force equation?
 
  • #6
Marc Rindermann
Gold Member
31
12
the normal force that counteracts the birds weight is provided by the wire. The weight only has a component in -y, the two forces along the wire to each side of the bird have a component each in the +y direction, the -x direction and the +x direction respectively. So the force components in the opposite x-directions cancel out each other and what's left of the tension in the wire needs to cancel out the weight of the bird.

it always helps to draw a force diagram to see which forces counteract which
 
  • #7
haruspex
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Insights Author
Gold Member
2020 Award
37,145
7,273
The normal force meaning the force of the wire on the bird. Why would it not be included in the y-vector force equation?
First, define the system you are analysing: the bird, the wire, the combination, or whatever. Then consider all the forces on that system from outside it.
In the present case, to find the tension, you could consider the small segment of wire the bird sits on and the bird itself, as two separate systems related by their mutual normal forces. But simpler is to consider the combination of the two.
The forces on this are the tension each side on the wire segment and gravity on the bird. It does not include either normal force because they are internal to the system.
 
  • #8
ehild
Homework Helper
15,543
1,914
First, define the system you are analysing: the bird, the wire, the combination, or whatever. Then consider all the forces on that system from outside it.
In the present case, to find the tension, you could consider the small segment of wire the bird sits on and the bird itself, as two separate systems related by their mutual normal forces. But simpler is to consider the combination of the two.
The forces on this are the tension each side on the wire segment and gravity on the bird. It does not include either normal force because they are internal to the system.
To @haruspex comment: see the picture.
Gravity and the normal force from the small piece of wire the bird sits on act on the bird. The normal force from the bird and the tensions in both pieces from the wire act on that small piece. Summing all forces exerted on the system bird+small piece of wire, the normal force cancel.
upload_2017-9-27_7-32-53.png
 
  • Like
Likes mfb and conscience

Related Threads on Bird on wire, tension

  • Last Post
Replies
9
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
21
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
969
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
19K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
2
Views
6K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
7K
Top