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Homework Help: Block on a sphere

  1. Apr 1, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A small block slides from rest from the top of a frictionless sphere of radius R.How far below the top,x,does it lose contact with the sphere?(Sphere doesn't move)


    3. The attempt at a solution

    The angle subtended by the block at the centre of the sphere can be taken as theta.If the x axis is considered tangential to the surface and hence y axis in the direction of the normal force,this problem can be solved,when combined with the conservation of energy.

    N-mg cos(theta)=-mv^2/R
    and
    mgR(1-cos(theta))=1/2mv^2


    Answer is R/3.

    My question is,how do you solve this problem if the axes are taken "upright",instead of being inclined.i.e,the y-axis is vertical and x-axis is horizontal.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 2, 2007 #2

    Mentz114

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    The choice of axes for X and Y won't affect the result, obviously. You can use the same method for the calculation but X, Y and theta will be different.
    If you rotate the axes by angle phi, the new X and Y values will be

    X' = Xcos(phi) + Ysin(phi)
    Y' = -Xsin(phi) + Ycos(phi)
    theta' = theta + phi

    If you calculate with X' and Y' you should get the same answer whatever phi is.
     
  4. Apr 2, 2007 #3
    Thanks.
    But what if I try to resolve the forces along the "upright" x and y axes,i.e,I get

    N cos(theta)=mg+mv^2/R cos(theta)

    and

    N sin(theta)= mv^2/R sin(theta) and the energy equation.


    Now,how do I find the theta at which N becomes zero(which is when it loses contact,right?)
     
  5. Apr 2, 2007 #4

    Mentz114

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    Gold Member

    It's the point at which the force along the radius ( centripetal) becomes equal to the radial component of mg ( vertical). Equate the forces and solve for theta.

    [edit] I'm not so sure about this, my first attempt looks wrong and I don't have time to pursue it right now.
     
    Last edited: Apr 2, 2007
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