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Blood Transfusions

  1. Apr 2, 2009 #1
    I know that blood transfusions are limited amongst blood types because of anti-gen anti-body reactions. What I don't understand is how the donor's anti-body does not react with the recipient's RBCs.

    For example: If a man with AB blood type received blood from an O type woman, why doesn't the anti-bodies of the O blood attack the AB blood of the man? Meanwhile, if AB is given to O, there would be a life-threatening reaction.
     
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  3. Apr 2, 2009 #2

    mgb_phys

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    There aren't any O antigens. O blood is called O because it has no A or B
    So you can give O- to anybody and similairly someone who is AB+ can receive anything.
     
  4. Apr 2, 2009 #3
    O does not have any antigens but it does have antibodies of both types. I think my question was misunderstood.

    When O type blood can be given to any blood type because the recipient's antibodies will not attack the O type RBCs. Now let's think about it the other way around. Why is it that the antibodies of the O donor does not attack the RBCs of the recipient?
     
  5. Apr 2, 2009 #4

    Moonbear

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    Unless the O donor has had a mis-matched transfusion to get exposed to AB blood, which should make them ineligible to donate blood, they'd have no antibodies to other blood types. Antibodies form AFTER an exposure.
     
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