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Board on Iice

  1. Nov 22, 2007 #1
    Board on Ice

    1. A person of mass M is standing at one end of a board of mass m and length l. The board rests upon a frictionless ice surface and it's mass is uniformly distributed along its length. Calculate how far from the person, d, the centre of mass is of the system. The person then walks to the centre of the board and stops (assuming friction is enough). How far from his starting position (relative to the ice surface) has he moved?

    2. centre of mass = 1/M[tex]\Sigma[/tex]mr

    3. The attempt at a solution

    All right, the centre of mass is easy to calculate and it's just (ml)/(2(M+m) and I didn't have problems with that. It's the next part which I am unsure of the correct answer. My friends have got an answer of (ml)/(2(M+m) as his total distance moved but I get a slightly different answer of (l/2)(1 - (m)/(M+m)).

    My reasoning is that it has to be slightly less then (l/2) as he walks that distance on the board but the board has moved in the opposite direction so the distance from the original starting point is slightly less.

    The answer of (ml)/(2(M+m)) seems obvious and I'm not 100% it's that or am I just over thinking a simple question?

    Last edited: Nov 22, 2007
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 22, 2007 #2
    Your friends are wrong. As the surface is frictionless, there are no horizontal forces acting on the (man+board) system. Hence, as the person's CM moves to the left (say he was standing on the right end of the board), the board must move to the right. Hence, the person and the board "meet somewhere in the middle". Sort of a conveyor belt.

    See if this new insight helps you with your solution.

    http://www.physicallyincorrect.com/" [Broken]
    Last edited by a moderator: May 3, 2017
  4. Nov 22, 2007 #3

    Yah, that's exactly the reasoning I used to get an answer of (l/2)(1 - (m)/(2(M+m)). I'll try to recheck my answer again to see if I've made any mistake. Thanks for the help. If anyone else has any suggestions I'd love to hear them.
    Last edited by a moderator: May 3, 2017
  5. Nov 22, 2007 #4
    If you will detail your solution I could point out any mistakes I see.

    http://www.physicallyincorrect.com/" [Broken]
    Last edited by a moderator: May 3, 2017
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