# Bound charges of a cube

1. Jul 16, 2008

### SonOfOle

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Consider a permanently polarized dielectric cube with the origin of the coordinates at the center of the cube. The cube has a side of length a. The permanent polarization of the dielectric is $$\vec{P} = c \vec{r}$$. The vector $$\vec{r}$$ is the radius vector from the origin of the coordinates to the point $$\vec{r} (x,y,z)$$. There are no free charges on the system. Compute the bound charges of the system.

2. Relevant equations
$$\sigma_b=\vec{P} \bullet \hat{n}$$
$$\rho_b=-\nabla \bullet \vec{P}$$

3. The attempt at a solution
We can see by symmetry that $$\sigma_b = 6 \sigma_{b, oneside}$$, and also that
$$c\vec{r} \bullet \hat{n}=a/2$$ for each face of the cube, so the net bound surface charge is $$\frac{3}{4} a^3 c$$.

Assuming the above checks out, the bound volume charge is where I run into difficulty.

I think something is wrong with the below set-up, but please let me know. Thanks.

$$\rho_b=-\nabla \bullet \vec{P}$$
$$-\nabla \bullet (c \vec{r})=-\nabla \bullet (c \sqrt{x^2+y^2+x^2}) = \frac{x+y+z}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+x^2}}$$ which you would then integrate over the volume for dxdydz (each going from -a/2 to +a/2).

2. Jul 16, 2008

### tiny-tim

Hi SonOfOle!

(use \cdot instead of \bullet )

$$\nabla \cdot \vec{r}\ =\ \nabla \cdot (x,y,z)\ =$$ … ?

Last edited: Jul 16, 2008