# Bragg Angles and Thermal Expansion

1. Apr 8, 2014

### Ichimaru

Problem statement:

The Bragg angles of a certain reﬂection from copper is 47.75◦ at 20◦C but is 46.60◦ at 1000◦C.
What is the coeﬃcient of linear expansion of copper? (Note: the Bragg angle θ is half of the
measured diﬀraction (deﬂection) angle 2θ).

Attempt at solution:

Using $$2d sin( \theta )= n \lambda$$ to find the ratio of d(T=1000) and d(T=20) and saying that this is equal to the lattice constant ratio for those temperatures I found that:

\frac{a(T=1000)}{a(T=20)}=\frac{sin( \theta (T=20) )}{sin( \theta ( T= 1000))}

Which when used in the equation for the linear expansion coefficient, kappa:

\kappa = \frac{a(T=1000)}{a \Delta T}

gives a value of 10^{-3} per kelvin, which is about 100 times too large when I compared it to the actual data. I know this is a basic question, but I can't see what I'm wondering what I'm doing wrong.