# Calculate crater diameter

• scatterbrain8

#### scatterbrain8

An asteroid with a diameter of 500km has an impact strength of 4000J/kg. What is the largest sized crater diameter which can be formed without melting the asteroid? The asteroid has a density of 3.5 g/cm^3 and the impact velocity is 5km/sec

I have a few formulas:

The asteroid will not melt if: kinetic energy < mass* impact strength

and, crater diameter is proportional to W^(1/3)

I have no information about the body being impacted so I don't know if I can use the formula for crater diameter as it requires information about the material strength of the body being impacted for an accurate answer.

I approximated the asteroid as a sphere (as I was given a diameter) and calculated the mass and the kinetic energy which I got to be : 2.875*10^27 Joules. However, the mass* impact strength is four orders of magnitude less.

I guess I'm not entirely sure how to approach this problem. Any suggestions?

I do not understand the question. It specifies the radius, density and impact velocity, yet asks for a maximum wrt … what? What other parameter can be varied that affects the impact?