1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Calculate the force applied to the skateboard, and also the constant frictional force

  1. Dec 13, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A 0.50 kg skateboard is at rest on a rough, level floor on which two lines have been drawn 1.0 m apart. A constant horizontal force is applied to the skateboard at the beginning of the interval, and is removed at the end. The skateboard takes 8.5 s to travel the 1.0 m distance, and then coast for another 1.25 m before coming to rest. Calculate the force applied to the skateboard, and also the constant frictional force opposing its motion.

    *The answers are 2.6 x 10^-2 N and 1.2 x 10^-2 N.

    2. Relevant equations

    F = ma

    a = Δv/Δt

    v = d/t

    3. The attempt at a solution

    v = d/t
    v = 2.25m/8.5s
    v = 0.2647058824 m/s

    a = v/t
    a = 0.2647058824m/s /8.5s
    a = 0.311418685 m/s^2

    F = ma
    F = 0.50 kg (0.311418685 m/s^2)
    F = 0.0155709343 N

    I don't know what I'm doing wrong and it's so fustrating! Also I don't even know how to calculate the frictional force. If anybody could explain and help me out with this I would really appreciate it!
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 13, 2011 #2

    Delphi51

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Re: Calculate the force applied to the skateboard, and also the constant frictional f

    Welcome to PF!
    Wow, a neat question - compliments to your prof.
    It is accelerated motion so you can't use v = d/t. Use d = Vi*t + .5*at² for starters.
    I think you will need more formulas; keep your list of constant acceleration formulas handy!
     
  4. Dec 13, 2011 #3
    Re: Calculate the force applied to the skateboard, and also the constant frictional f

    What you don't know,

    F applied force
    f constant frictional force
    a constant acceleration over first interval
    d constant deceleration over second interval
    v_o velocity at end of 1m interval
    t2 time to go the second interval

    You know,

    t1 time to go the first interval = 8.5s
    F - f = ma acceleration for first interval
    f = md acceleration for second interval
    v = v_o = at1 velocity for the first interval
    v = v_o - dt2 velocity for the second interval
    x = at1^2/2 = 1m for the first interval
    x = v_ot2 - dt2^2/2 = 1.25m for the second interval

    Did I leave out anything? I think you then have six equations in six unknowns?
     
  5. Dec 13, 2011 #4
    Re: Calculate the force applied to the skateboard, and also the constant frictional f

    Always remember that F = ma is the SUM of the forces on that particular axis = ma

    You have enough information for the first interval to calculate the overall acceleration with both forces applied using your x = 1/2atsquared
    Find your net force using newton's second law.

    and your final velocity using Fx = 1/2mvsquared (work = change in kinetic energy)

    Using the final velocity from part one and the fact that it is at rest at the end plus the given distance you can use the same work energy relation to find find the frictional force, then subtract it from the total force found in part a to determine the force pulling it.
     
  6. Dec 13, 2011 #5
    Re: Calculate the force applied to the skateboard, and also the constant frictional f

    Thanks for the help everyone! :)
     
  7. Dec 13, 2011 #6
    Re: Calculate the force applied to the skateboard, and also the constant frictional f

    at your service :-)
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook