Calculating energy of photons

  • #1

Homework Statement


When a certain light beam strikes a certain metal, 1 eV electrons are liberated. If the beam is replaced by one of half the original wavelength, 5 eV electrons are liberated. What is the energy of the photons in the original beam?


Homework Equations


Part of my confusion with this problem is I don't know of any formula that can tell me this information. The only formula that references wavelength that I've seen in class is E = hc/L where hc is a conversion factor equal to 1240 eV*nm.

The Attempt at a Solution


I guess I need to find out the relationship between liberating electrons and energy. When the wavelength is reduced to 1/2 L, it increases the amount of liberated electrons to 5 eV. Unfortunately, my class has no textbook, so it's very hard for me to figure this out on my own. If anyone can help me out, I'd very much appreciate it!

Homework Statement





Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution

 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
PeterO
Homework Helper
2,426
48

Homework Statement


When a certain light beam strikes a certain metal, 1 eV electrons are liberated. If the beam is replaced by one of half the original wavelength, 5 eV electrons are liberated. What is the energy of the photons in the original beam?


Homework Equations


Part of my confusion with this problem is I don't know of any formula that can tell me this information. The only formula that references wavelength that I've seen in class is E = hc/L where hc is a conversion factor equal to 1240 eV*nm.

The Attempt at a Solution


I guess I need to find out the relationship between liberating electrons and energy. When the wavelength is reduced to 1/2 L, it increases the amount of liberated electrons to 5 eV. Unfortunately, my class has no textbook, so it's very hard for me to figure this out on my own. If anyone can help me out, I'd very much appreciate it!

Homework Statement





Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution

I hope you know things like the work function of a metal - that minimum amount of energy an incoming photon [or electron] must give an atom before an electron can be released.
Also your expression E = hc/λ shows that if you halve the wavelength [λ] you double the energy.

These problems can be compared to a money problem.

You arrive at an establishment with $X. After paying the entry fee [analogy to Work Function] you get to go in, with $1 still in your pocket.
A friend arrives with twice as much money as you had [$2X]. After paying the entry fee they get to go in, with $5 still in their pocket.
How much money did you approach with?
You can also work out how much money they had, and what the entry fee was.
 
  • #3
PeterO
Homework Helper
2,426
48

Homework Statement


When a certain light beam strikes a certain metal, 1 eV electrons are liberated. If the beam is replaced by one of half the original wavelength, 5 eV electrons are liberated. What is the energy of the photons in the original beam?


Homework Equations


Part of my confusion with this problem is I don't know of any formula that can tell me this information. The only formula that references wavelength that I've seen in class is E = hc/L where hc is a conversion factor equal to 1240 eV*nm.

The Attempt at a Solution


I guess I need to find out the relationship between liberating electrons and energy. When the wavelength is reduced to 1/2 L, it increases the amount of liberated electrons to 5 eV. Unfortunately, my class has no textbook, so it's very hard for me to figure this out on my own. If anyone can help me out, I'd very much appreciate it!

Homework Statement





Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution

The expression you might be after is Emax = hf - W or Emax = h(f - fo)
 

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